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bios resume on lan cable to AMD Fan LED Header or RGB LED Header as below on the AM4 motherboards and download ASRock. RGB LED ver:1.0.12 utility or later version to adjust the friends essay, lighting effects. Please refer below link to download Realtek Wireless Lan driver ver:2023.48.0801.2016 for Windows 10 RS1 or remove Realtek LAN driver to use inbox LAN driver directly. 5. Under DOS environment, please key in the command as follow: (XXXXXXXXXXXXis MAC Address;please refer to the step1 to check the MAC Sticker) 6. Template Dissertation. After Key in the instruction, the system will flash MAC address automatically. 7. When Done showing, the MAC address already been flash successfully. Trustworthy Friends. You can reboot the system into OS. (BIOS - Advanced - CPU Configuration - Set Intel Virtualization Technology to Enabled) 1. Open [System] under Windows 10. 2. Forever Essay. Select [Power sleep] and enter [Additional power settings] Step 4: Execute the new Killer LAN driver 184.108.40.2066 or newer versions and press [Remove] then restart the system.
Step 5: Install the essay, new Killer LAN driver and then restart the system. For more suggestions about 3Dmark, please refer to 3Dmark FAQ: http://www.futuremark.com/support/3dmark. Please refer to the steps below to install the Wi-SD box. Step 2. For location R and essay, S, check the screw holes located on the motherboard. Please install the trustworthy friends essay, copper pillars on to your motherboard. Step 1. Open the CPU socket without remove CPU protection cover: Disengage the lever by yourself, pressing it down and sliding it out of the hook. At this time, you do not have to remove the protection cover. Step 2. Insert the 115x-Pin CPU: Make sure locate Pin1 and the two orientation key notches, then carefully place CPU into the socket.
Step 3. Friends Essay. Close the socket: Press down the tunnel kento, load lever, and secure it with the load plate tab under the retention tab. The protection cover will automatically come off by itself. Type B: CPU protection cover in CPU socket. Step 1. Trustworthy. Open the CPU socket: Disengage the lever by pressing it down and sliding it out of the hook. Step 2. Remove CPU protection cover: Attach your index finger to the upper edge of the PnP Cap. Use your thumb to remove PnP Cap (Pick and Place Cap) from the CPU socket by lifting the cap tab. Step 4. Dissertation. Close the socket: Press down the load lever, and secure it with the friends essay, load plate tab under the retention tab. * For X79 models, please try installing memory to DDR3 A1, B1, C1 and D1 slots. Please use the Windows 8 CD to of introducing repair your system.
If you want to reinstall your system, please install the Intel INF driver 220.127.116.115 before installing other drivers from the support CD. If you got any further issues, please contact ASRock TSD. Trustworthy Essay. 1. Enter OS [Control Panel]. Step 1: Download Intel Smart Connect driver from our website: Step 2: Install the driver and reboot system. Or set [On/Off Play] to [Disabled] in BIOS. 1. Please update your Etron USB3.0 driver v0.104 from the link below, 2. Please contact JMicron and ask them to help you with firmware update. Essay Of Introducing. You could contact JMicron with information below, You could find the option by BIOS- Advanced- CPU Configuration- Set [No execute Memory Protection] to [Enabled.] i. 2048MB or larger of RAM (Minimum system requirements of VMWare) ii. K-series CPU does not support VT-d. (Path: MCE- Task-Settings- General-Automatic Download options- Automatically download Windows Media Center data between the following time.) Etron USB3.0 driver ver.0.96 download link as below.
1.In Directory Opus utility, please increase the buffer size to 9999. 2.Green Ethernet = Disable. Trustworthy Friends Essay. 3.Interrupt Moderation = Disable. If you connect USB2.0 cable on USB3.0 external HDD device like below, it will not run at SuperSpeed mode. Please connect USB3.0 cable on USB3.0 external HDD device to run at SuperSpeed mode. Paper. Website link: https://www.asrock.com/news/events/2009win7/index.asp.
Intel ® website: http://downloadcenter.intel.com/Default.aspx. AMD ® website: http://support.amd.com/us/gpudownload/Pages/index.aspx. NVIDIA ® website: http://www.nvidia.com/Download/index.aspx?lang=en-us. Realtek website: http://www.realtek.com.tw/downloads/ VIA ® website: http://www.via.com.tw/en/support/drivers.jsp. 2. [Enable] [Secure Virtual Machine] option in the BIOS. 3. Please check the [Enable Nested Paging] box in friends Sun's xVM virtual box software. Kernel-Proessor-Power error, but the OS works fine.
How can I solve this error in essay the [Event viewer]?(2/27/2009) A)- If you use Intel ® CPU, please [Enable] the [Intel ® Speedstep ™ tech] option in. B)- If you use AMD ® CPU, please [Enable] the [Cool'n'Quiet] option in the BIOS. C)- If your CPU not support [Intel ® Speedstep ™ tech] or [Cool'n'Quiet] function, please contact ASRock TSD from the trustworthy friends, link: Please plug in the HDMI_SPDIF cable reversely like following picture. (BIOS / Advanced / Chipset Configuration / Memory Remap Feature) 1.Make sure the Onboard LAN option was enabled in BIOS. 2.Make sure the LAN driver was installed properly.
Please check it in Device Manager. Thesis. 3.Update the trustworthy essay, BIOS of your motherboard to the latest one. 4.Try the newer LAN driver from ASRock or chipset vendor's website. 5.Change another LAN cable. (For Gigabit LAN, please make sure your LAN cable could fully work with Gigabit LAN.) 6.Reinstall the operating system. 3.Choose the channel you want. (suggest to choose the channel 1 or 6 or 11, these channels are less interference with others) 4.Click Finish to finish the setup. A Persuasive. Windows ® Vista™ Premium system - Hardware Minimum Requirements. 512MB x 2 Dual Channel (Premium, embedded models) with 128bit VGA memory (Premium) UAA Audio (HD Audio, USB Audio and IEEE1394 Audio) (Premium or Basic depends on Codec Vista logo level) 1.Press right button of mouse at friends, Desktop and template, click Personalize. 2.Enter into Windows ® Color and Appearance setting.
3.Refer to below image to enter Open classic appearance properties for more color options setting. 4.Set Color scheme as Windows ® Aero. If you want to resume from USB devices, such as USB mouse, remote control, you may directly install the trustworthy friends, registry file below: https://www.asrock.com/support/download/ResumeUSB.ZIP and then restart your computer. 1.Please press the F2 key continuously right after turn on the system until it goes into holocaust paper rubric, the BIOS setup. 2.Please disable the essay, Cool'n'Quiet function in BIOS setup. 4.You can start to vatos locos update the trustworthy, BIOS now. BIOS download page. 1.Please use this connector on the motherboard. ( 2 black and 2 yellow wires ) If you want to enter into boot menu, please press F11 This limitation applies to dissertation most chipsets Windows ® XP 32-bit version operating system.
If you want to get 4GB memory for your system, below two conditions must be required: 1. The memory controller which supports memory hole(memory remap) functionality is used. The latest chipsets like Intel ® new chipset, or other chipsets and AMD ® K8 CPU architecture can support the memory hole(memory remap) function. 2. Windows ® XP Pro X64 Ed. (64-bit) or other OS which can address more than 4GB memory. After restart, press F11 and select Network as the boot device. Or press F2 and enter the sub screen Boot Device Priority in BIOS Boot screen to change the friends, boot priority of Network.
1.Right click the exclamation mark device and choose properties. 2.Click update driver. Ayn Rand Essay Contest. 3.Choose Install the software automatically 4.Then it will find the essay, device. Please click finish. Please go to https://www.asrock.com/mb/index.asp and find the specification of your motherboard and check the exact features supported. Actually, Hybrid Booster is tunnel kento, a combination of trustworthy friends, several features which have already been provided with the motherboards. 1. CPU Multiplier: Adjusted by essay of introducing yourself, setting onboard FID jumpers.
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Now, the system is ready to be woken up through LAN by other computers. 1. If the jumpers JL1 and JR1 are short, both front panel and rubric, rear panel audio connectors can work. 2. If both jumper caps on JL1 and JR1 are removed, only front panel audio works. However, it requires your front panel to support the function. 1. Trustworthy Friends Essay. Please click the properties of MR modem under device manager. School. 2. Essay. Click the essay, driver and click update driver.
3. Select the driver you want. 4. Load the driver from the path to support CDdriversamrwin9x. Friends. When the system boot up, please press F8 or F11 to vatos locos forever enter Boot Menu and select USB device for your fist boot device , then the trustworthy friends, system will boot from the USB device which you selected. For P4I45D, please plug the bootable USB device to research rubric USB port 2,3. Please refer to http://www.amd.com for more information.
All ASRock Intel/AMD CPU series motherboards are equipped with ASRock U-COP.
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Althusser, Ideology and Interpellation Essay. The French philosopher, Louis Althusser, first popularized the word in his seminal essay “Ideology and trustworthy, Ideological State Apparatuses (Notes towards an Investigation)” (Althusser, 1972). In the essay, Althusser explores the relationship between the state, modes of (re)producing power and ideology from a Marxist perspective, defining ideology as “the imaginary relationship of essay of introducing, individuals to their real conditions of existence” (Althusser 1972: 162). Essay! In his definition, Althusser sees ideology functioning as a mediator between systems of power and individuals. It allows for hegemonic power to reproduce itself by obscuring traditional forms of forever, repression and incorporating individuals into the power structure. Althusser complicates the relationship between domination and subjugation by introducing the trustworthy essay, interpellation process, where individuals recognize themselves as subjects through ideology, thus illustrating how subjects can be complicit in their own domination. About School Uniforms! He gives the example of a police officer shouting out trustworthy friends, “Hey, you there!” in public.
Upon hearing this exclamation, an individual turns around, and “by this mere one-hundred-and-eighty-degree physical conversion, he becomes a subject” (Althusser, 1972: 174). In the act of rubric, acknowledging that it is indeed he who is addressed, the individual thus recognizes his subjecthood. It is essay important to note that this subjecthood is double: although he is recognized as a social subject by the law, he is also subjugated to the law. Althusser emphasizes the ubiquity of ideology and research rubric, interpellation by friends, noting how subjects are consistently constituted by tunnel, Ideological State Apparatuses (ISAs) such as the family, educational institutions, and friends essay, media such as literature, radio and television. The idea that an individual can be interpellated through various mediums would later be appropriated by theorists from thesis kento diverse backgrounds such as cinema and media studies and cultural studies. Although he initially presents a temporal example of interpellation, Althusser insists that the friends, process is not governed by holocaust paper, cause and effect, but happens simultaneously. He emphasizes that “the existence of ideology and the hailing or interpellation of essay, individuals as subjects are one and the same thing” (Althusser 1972: 175). In other words ideology, interpellation, and subjecthood, mutually reinforce each other so that “ideology has always-already interpellated individuals as subjects, which amounts to making it clear that individuals are always-already interpellated by ideology as subjects, which necessarily leads us to one last proposition: individuals are always-already subjects” (Althusser 1972: 176). Althusser’s framework of interpellation and his emphasis on the circulatory relationship between subjectivity and exterior structures have been utilized and extended by numerous critical theorists.1 Markedly, Michel Foucault holds similar notions of how subjectivity is constructed by of introducing yourself, focusing on discourses around sexuality (Foucault, 1990). 2 He describes how at the end of the 19th Century, experts in various scientific fields created discourses that allowed them to label and trustworthy essay, identify individuals and essay contest, their sexuality. Like Althusser, this subjecthood has a duality: it both subjugates individuals as passive beings involuntarily defined under the scope of scientific discourse but it also simultaneously, and counter-intuitively, creates the potential for autonomy and resistance by mobilizing around these new identities.3 These arguments around how subjects can resist or defy dominant power are not thoroughly fleshed out by trustworthy, Althusser, but are a major focus of later theorists, such as Ranciere.
4. A Persuasive About School! Media and Interpellation. Many theorists have taken Althusser’s notion of ideology and interpellation, shifted the focus away from the state, and applied it to essay, various kinds of media texts. In this vein, cultural theorists such as Max Horkheimer and Theodor Adorno have argued that the homogeneity of mass media interpellate passive subjects who desire reoccurring tropes and predictable story lines which only tunnel thesis kento, serve to further stultify them (1979). 5 They are particularly sympathetic to those exploited in capitalist society, lamenting how “capitalist production so confines them, body and trustworthy friends essay, soul, that they fall helpless victim to what is offered them.” (Adorno and Horkheimer, 1979:8). Yet the essay yourself, common people’s acquiesce to the culture industry only trustworthy, perpetuates their conditions, and Adorno and Horkheimer proceed to argue, “immovably, they insist on the very ideology which enslaves them. The misplaced love of the ayn rand essay contest, common people for the wrong which is done them is a greater force than the cunning of the authorities” (Adorno and Horkheimer, 1979:8). Like Althusser, Adorno and Horkheimer argue that the proletariat submit to ideologies that interpellate them as passive, and thus comply with their own domination. Similarly, David Gauntlett describes how “interpellation occurs when a person connects with a media text: when we enjoy a magazine or TV show, for example, this uncritical consumption means that the text has interpellated us into a certain set of assumptions, and caused us to tacitly accept a particular approach to the world.” (Gauntlett, 2002: 27). Friends Essay! Here, Gauntlett seems to echo Adorno and Horkheimer’s argument that media consumers unquestioningly accept a medium’s subject positioning of them as passive viewers. This structuralist framing will be countered by later theorists who will argue for more agency for interpellated subjects. Furthering the discussion about the relationship between a medium and its audience, many film scholars have employed Althusser’s framework to investigate how spectators view a film.
Lapsley and holocaust paper rubric, Westlake describe how in structuralist film criticism a film “as a pre-existing structure… interpellates the spectator, so constituting him/her as a subject” (Lapsley and friends, Westlake, 1988: 12). In particular, feminist film theorists have especially appropriated notions of interpellation in their work. Laura Mulvey describes how classical narrative cinema, as an dissertation, (ideological) apparatus, positions viewers to identify with the male protagonist (Mulvey, 1975). University/College: University of California. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Friends! Date: 18 October 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Althusser, Ideology and dissertation, Interpellation. for only $16.38 $13.9/page.
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essay on rumspringa A student at Portland State University recently inteviewed Brother Eazy Ezekiel for a research paper she was doing on friends Rumpspringa. She was kind enough to let us share it here. Template. We have removed her last name and trustworthy, the last name of the professor to respect their privacy. Professor Cathy-Lee XXX. Modern World Anthropology/ANTH300. 6 December 2003. The Mennonite/Amish cultures have many traditions that separate them from the normal Christian faith.
400 years ago, many European Christians were killed and tortured for their belief in yourself adult baptism. Adult baptism is referred to trustworthy friends, as Anabaptism, meaning re-baptizer. One Anabaptists belief is that members of the church should be baptized during adulthood rather than infancy (Robinson 2002). Amish adult baptism gives members of the church the holocaust paper rubric, freedom, and the adult conscious choice to find their faith through a tradition called Rumspringa. Trustworthy. Rumspringa means running around in the Amish Dutch language. Once a child turns 16, they are free to experience the world from an American standard. This means they are allowed to use electricity, watch television, listen to music of their choice, and wear normal clothes. A Persuasive Essay Uniforms. This also means they are allowed to drink, smoke, and sometimes use drugs and/or experience sexual relationships. Rumspringa can last from a week to several years.
A child can make the decision at any time to rejoin, or not to rejoin, the Amish faith and community. If the child rejoins the trustworthy essay, faith, he must surrender the many pleasures that he was allowed during Rumspringa, and return to the simple lives the Amish lead. If the child decides not to join the Amish faith, he is shunned from the tunnel thesis, community and essay, his family, and his soul is thought to be lost forever. Surprisingly 90% of the young adults do return to the Amish faith (Pinsker 2002). Devil's Playground is a documentary on Amish children in template the Rumspringa stage. The movie shows the lives of kids who were debating whether or not to rejoin the church. Devil's Playground centers on trustworthy friends mainly 2 main characters and their interactions with others in and out locos forever essay, of the Amish community.
The main character is trustworthy essay, a boy named Faron Yoder, and 18 year old preacher's son. Faron was heavily involved with drugs and dated an English girl in the beginning of the documentary. He was later arrested for vatos locos forever drugs and involved in a set up to avoid his jail time. After he was revealed to be involved with the set up, he had to break up with his American girlfriend and move back in trustworthy friends with his Amish family. He cleaned up and found an Amish girlfriend, Emma. Emma decided not to tunnel, rejoin the essay, church and moved to an Amish community in Florida. Faron and Emma broke up at that point because Faron wanted to rejoin the church. Faron, then, gets back into drugs and partying. Essay About School Uniforms. He later moves to trustworthy, Florida to be with Emma and clean up.
The couple's fate is unrevealed. Another main character was Velda. She felt very depressed during Rumspringa and research rubric, did end up returning to the Amish church. After returning she decided that the Amish life was not for her and friends, she left. She was shunned from her family which she believes was their last way of showing her that they loved her. She lives on her own, works for herself, and was accepted into template a Christian college in essay Texas. Velda is very involved with the Christian Religion, but claims that the rigid Amish life depressed her. She does not have much contact with her family, but she does not regret leaving the church. The movie shows many other kids experiencing Rumspringa , and involving themselves in wild parties, drugs, unsupervised relationships, drinking, smoking, and other American activities. A Persuasive About. One girl was baptized back into the church and refused to be interviewed any further. Trustworthy Friends. In the forever, deleted scenes of the movie an Amish couple, experiencing Rumspringa , had a big controversy because the boy did not want to return and the girl did.
She decided not to return to be with her boyfriend. Trustworthy Friends. Some of the kids lived in a trailer away from their parents, while others stayed within the community. Typically boys wore more American clothing, while girls stuck to the traditional dress code. Also, the boys had driver's license and cars, while the girls did not. On some occasions Amish adults were interviewed saying that sometimes they missed the vatos essay, freedom that they experienced during Rumspringa, but they do not regret joining the church. The documentary revealed many traditions that the Amish have, including their houses, businesses, and trustworthy essay, worship rooms, which were located in the basement of the house and built to fit the whole community for worship. I also read an thesis kento article from the New York Times , entitled The Secrets of the Amish. This article was basically an overview of the documentary, Devil's Playground . Trustworthy Friends Essay. The article explains the difficulties that the producers encountered trying to ayn rand, make the film. At sometimes the work seemed impossible because the Amish are not supposed to be filmed or reveal much about friends their traditions. It also included some background information to the Amish religion and ayn rand, community. Additionally the article included an interview with a professor, Donald Kraybill, who is an friends essay authority on the Amish and teaches at template Messiah College in Grantham.
I also found a website online that explained the history of the start of the trustworthy friends essay, religion, the many beliefs, the practices, and the conflict and problems that face the Amish communities. This information was found on the Religious Tolerance website. Much of the information provide on the website was obtained through other websites including the Mennonite Connections on the WWW, The Plain People web site, the Mennonite Information Center, an essay: Background Dynamics of the Amish Movement, and template, the National Committee for friends essay Amish Religious Freedom website. Other information was taken from such books and ayn rand, videos as 20 Most Asked Questions about the trustworthy friends, Amish and Mennonites , The Amish and State, Sociology of Canadian Mennonites , Hutterites and vatos locos, Amish: A Bibliography with Annotations , The Amish: Images of Tradition , Amish Enterprise: From Plows to Profits , Amish Roots: A Treasury of History, Wisdom, and Lore , The Amish Struggle with Modernity , A History of the Amish , Old Order Amish: Their Enduring Ways of trustworthy essay, Life , and The Amish (Multicultural Peoples of the North America Video Series). The next article was from the Amish Country News. Amish Country News is thesis kento, a periodical that is distributed for seven months of the year. Their goal is to be a broad source of essay, useful and accurate information for thesis kento visitors and trustworthy essay, others who are curios about the Pennsylvania Dutch Country.
The article it titled Amish Children: Nurturing and Belonging. The article is very informative about the locos essay, roles of parents in trustworthy essay the Amish community and the up bringing of children. It also gives some explanation to why Amish children stay or return after the Rumspringa experience. I also visited the vatos locos essay, Amish Outlaw website. The Amish Outlaws are a band whose members did not return to the Amish life.
I emailed questions and received very interesting and informative answers from one of the band members, Brother Eazy Ezekiel, which will be explored more in friends essay the methodology portion of this paper. The Amish Outlaw website compares the Rumspringa tradition with the Christian Conformation and the Jewish Bar Mitzvah. All the template dissertation, members of the band grew up in essay the strict Amish lifestyle, but during Rumspringa their love for essay about uniforms music, and other pleasures of the modern world were discovered and they did not want to trustworthy, go back to the life of the Amish. Their music combines the modern with the Amish traditions and delights many audiences. I had a hard time thinking of someone I could interview for my research. Being that I do not know any Amish folk, and I do not live in close proximity with any Amish communities, I attempted to interview the ayn rand contest, owner of an Amish furniture store in the Peal District of Portland. She was very informed of the Amish culture, but was not certain about the tradition of Rumspringa, so I looked other places. I landed on the Amish Outlaw website and proceeded to contact one of the members, I figured that it would be a long shot, but surprisingly, within three hours of my outgoing email I received a very informative and interesting reply on trustworthy friends the Rumspringa tradition. Vatos. I emailed three questions to Brother Eazy Ezekiel to which he provided me with answers. Friends Essay. The first question was: In your own words what is Rumspringa ? … Rumspringa is, in my words, a test of faith, but not necessarily a test to be failed or passed.
Then again, I may feel that way (that it is not to holocaust research paper rubric, be failed or passed) because in the opinion of most Amish folks, I would have failed that test, but my beliefs are still strong. The second question was: Why do you think that so many adults return to the Amish way of life? The Mennonite/Amish beliefs are very rigid, as I am sure you have discovered in your research, and in light of that, Rumspringa is an anomaly. What I mean is, there are a lot of Amish folk that (though they wouldn't openly say so as they might be wary of friends essay, admitting they don't agree with tradition) think Rumspringa should be done away with altogether as that time of indulgence is like is a Christian was suddenly told You can break all 10 commandments for the next 8-12 months and at the end will be welcomed back to the church with open arms. Rubric. The sins, in the opinions of many, are still there despite the trustworthy essay, fact that the Yingling (young person) chooses to return. Research Paper. Speaking of which I think most return for three basic reasons:
The modern world is too overwhelming for them. There is too much sensation, too much temptation. It is almost like when prisoners become institutionalized and friends, when they are released, all they want to do is get back in jail because they can't handle the freedom. I don not mean to compare the simple life to prison, however-it certainly is not. It can be a very wonderful way to live. Vatos Locos Forever Essay. Their faiths are so ingrained in them that even though they enjoy the pleasures of the Devil's Playground, the guilt they feel equals or exceeds whatever pleasure they receive and they wind up depressed and riddled with guilt and friends essay, return to purge themselves.
They truly embrace and love the simple life and returning is the only option. These are the Amish of true Glaawe (Faith) that see the simple life as the best and only life to lead. The proper life. Finally my last question was: Do you think that this ( Rumspringa ) is an effective way to tunnel thesis kento, find faith? …I do not think Rumspringa is an effective way to trustworthy, find faith. I think that it can be an effective way to reinforce Glaawe for those that return because the modern world held no real appeal for them. Holocaust Paper Rubric. But I think that most return not because of trustworthy friends, faith, but rather out of fear or guilt and, in my opinion, fear in not true faith. Ezekiel's expertise and informative answers really gave light and insight to of introducing, the reason that many young adults return to the simple Amish life. Presentation of Research: During the trustworthy essay, Reformation in the 16 th century, reformers dealt with the idea of a radical reformation. The Reformation promotes the concepts of individual freedom and acceptance for every participant of faith to seek priesthood.
From this reformation evolved the Anabaptists who believed that members of the church should be baptized during adulthood rather than infancy. They also believed in total separation of church and state and they practiced worship services in homes instead of in churches (Robinson 2002). Indeed, each house is built to be able to hold a church service, which usually takes place in a persuasive essay about school the basement. Trustworthy. Services are held every other Sunday and rotate from house to house. The typical house will host a service about once a year (Devil's Playground 2002). During this Radical Reformation the new followers were persecuted harshly. They were almost wiped out in wars organized by other church groups and essay yourself, sometimes by other governments. By the trustworthy, early 18th century some of these radical reformers were migrating to template, the United States under a group called the Amish.
They migrated primarily as an experimental settlement through William Penn's Experiment on religious tolerance. Amish groups settled in parts of Pennsylvania, New York, Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, and Missouri. Trustworthy. The Amish settled with a set of essay, strict rules pertaining to the outside world, better known as the Amish belief system. They believe in the separation of the Amish culture and the rest of the world. They reject any involvement with the military or warfare. Unlike many Christian groups the Amish do not try and friends essay, convert anyone to the Amish religion and they live only amongst Amish people and culture. Marriage outside of the Amish faith is not allowed (Robinson 2002). Only about 10% of the Amish populations are converts (Devil's Playground 2002).
Usually conversion into the religion is not favored. Amish communities typically do not use electricity, radios, or automobiles. They wear plain clothes. Women appear in long sleeve dresses with bonnets and aprons. If the template dissertation, woman is married she wears a white apron, otherwise she wears black. Men typically dress in plain suits. Instead of a ring, married men will grow a beard (Devil's Playground 2002). The Amish believe in a self sustaining community. They rely on everyone in trustworthy friends the community to help one another out. Unlike other Christian establishments the Amish only give money to the church twice a year.
The money given to the church is only used in case of an emergency. Thesis. Emergencies include sickness of a member, land, crop, or production failures, and other disasters (Robinson 2002). The Amish believe that their purpose in life is to be faithful to God and to friends essay, be an example to of introducing yourself, their children. Amish families spend most of their time together. They eat most meals together, and the only trustworthy friends, time the essay, children are ever away from the family is when they are at friends school. Children typically go to holocaust paper rubric, school until the friends, eighth grade. After the eighth grade they are expected to drop out and paper rubric, learn a trade. Children have many chores and very structured lives. The boys usually work with their fathers in factories or on farms. The girls will stay home with the mothers and cook, sew, and tend to the younger children. Typically Amish families are large, with an average of seven children to a family.
Children have no contact with the outside world until the age of sixteen. At the age of sixteen children practice a ritual called Rumspringa (Igou 2001). Rumspringa literally means running around in the Amish language. It is a time in a child's life when he is allowed to trustworthy, leave home and explore the English way of life. During this time, teens are able to wear normal clothes, go to holocaust research, the movies, listen to trustworthy, music, watch TV, drive automobiles, play video games, date, smoke, and drink. This time is also referred to as the Devil's Playground by tunnel thesis the Amish people. Rumspringa is not supposed to be discussed out of the Amish community and is thought of as sinful. During Rumspringa , many teens experience with alcohol, cigarettes, drugs, and sex. They are allowed to act as any other American teen would act, and they have no supervision (Pinsker 2002). During Rumspringa young adults are supposed to make the decision whether or not to join the friends, Amish church.
Rumspringa can last several years, until the participant is willing to make a decision to either join or reject the dissertation, Amish faith. If they decide to join the Amish faith they have to give up all their American privileges and return to the Amish way of life. They will also be baptized into the church and become a member. Friends Essay. More then likely, the young adults who join back into a persuasive about uniforms the faith do so once they have found and chosen a mate to marry. Rumspringa puts a lot of pressure on young adults to find a mate to marry because joining the friends, faith of the ayn rand novels, Amish has a great emphasis on family value. An individual should be ready and willing to devote his life and fate to Amish family and Amish community (Devil's Playground 2002). If a young adult chooses not to join the Amish faith, he is trustworthy friends, shunned from the community. They must move away from the community and ayn rand essay contest, are excommunicated. They are on their own once they renounce their faith. They do not receive any support, be it moral or financial.
Sometime young adults will join the Amish faith and then leave after being baptized. This is looked down upon trustworthy friends essay and very sinful. Leaving the church once one has been baptized is the most sinful thing a member could do. The Amish believe that renouncing your faith will deny your entrance to heaven. If a child dies before he is vatos, baptized into the Amish religion then the Amish believe that his soul is lost forever (Devil's Playground 2002). Rumspringa is a very difficult time in young Amish lives. They are exposed to many temptations that they have never experienced before, and that are forbidden in friends the Amish culture.
Kids throw huge parties on their parent's land. Locos Essay. It is said that over 1500 kids may show up at the parties from Amish communities all over the nation. The new Rumspringers usually are shy at the beginning of the party, but after drinking and/or doing drugs the kids loosen up and usually end up leaving with a member of the opposite sex (Devil's Playground). Some of the kids do not live with their parents during Rumspringa ; usually it is the trustworthy, boys who live outside of the family. Boys typically act more American or English during Rumspringa . The boys wear common clothes, buy automobiles, and live outside of the community on their own; while the girls usually stick to their traditional clothing, do not drive automobiles, and live with their families in kento the community.
Some kids date members outside of the Amish community, but if they decide that they want to join the Amish faith they must leave their American mates and eventually marry an Amish person. With all the temptation and freedom that young adults are given, it is hard to believe that the most of the young adults do rejoin the Amish Church. About 90% of young adults end up being baptized back into the religion, and the cultural ways of the Amish life. There are many speculations to why such a large percentage of people go back to the Amish church after being exposed to friends, the pleasures, dangers, temptations, and privileges that Rumspringa offers them. Many Amish folk say that it is the family life, the support, and their faith in God, that directs them back into the faith. Research Paper. Sometimes young adults join back to regain the friends, life and stability they had before Rumspringa. Young adults realize the harshness and dangers of the outside world and know that the simple Amish life is protection to them. Sometimes they rejoin because they want a match with a mate. I believe the essay, biggest reason that Amish kids become baptized into the faith is because it is all they know.
For all their lives they grew up knowing only one faith, and the little time that they have away from their faith is not going to trustworthy essay, break their devotion that had been ingrained into them since birth. The guilt of their families would be too great and, they do not want to disappoint there family and their communities so they do what they believe is right in the eyes of the Amish. Summarize in Relation to Literature: The literature and research done around the subject of Rumspringa provides excellent information to the different views about why children return. Looking at the material obtained from contest, Amish based information sites, I found that the trustworthy friends essay, reason that young adults returned was because of their faith and their commitment to the community. Vatos Locos. On the other hand, in my interview with Brother Eazy Ezekiel and the information I received from the friends, documentary, Devil's Playground, young adults return not because of faith, but because the Amish life is all they know. They cannot face the complexity of the modern world and guilt they would feel for not returning and from their families and their communities is too great.
The Amish culture is template, a very strict culture filled with many rituals and traditions. They have survived the torture of the European Reformation, the essay, move to the Americas, and the survived as a culture separated from their surrounding environment. They are sustained by the return of their young folk who endure a complex adventure filled with temptations and pleasures that are outside of the traditional Amish life. Whether it is fear, guilt, normality, or true faith that leads these young people back to the open arms of the Amish culture, they seem to a persuasive essay school, survive and maintain a simple society. 2000 (Sept.) Amish Children: Nurturing and Belonging. Amish Country News Cover Article. 2002 (May 29) The Secrets of the Amish.
The New York Times. 2003 (Nov. 13) The Amish: Beliefs, practices, and conflicts. Religious Tolerance.org. Click here to book The Amish Outlaws. for info and quilt patterns, contact us. The Amish Outlaws® is a registered trademark.
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A True Friend essays
law gravity essay Jacob D. Bekenstein. A theory of gravitation is a description of the long range forces that electrically neutral bodies exert on one another because of their matter content. Until the friends, 1910s Sir Isaac Newton's law of universal gravitation, two particles attract each other with a central force proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to dissertation the square of the distance between them , was accepted as the correct and complete theory of gravitation: The proportionality constant here is friends essay Newton's constant G = 6.67 x 10 -8 dyn cm 2 g -2 , also called the gravitational constant. This theory is vatos essay highly accurate in friends essay, its predictions regarding everyday phenomena.
However, high precision measurements of motions in the solar system and in binary pulsars, the structure of essay about, black holes, and the expansion of the universe can only be fully understood in terms of a relativistic theory of gravitation. Best known of these is friends essay Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity, which reduces to Newton's theory in a certain limit. Of the scores of rivals to research general relativity formulated over trustworthy friends essay the last half century, many have failed various experimental tests, but the verdict is not yet in on which extant relativistic gravitation theory is closest to the truth. In alternative language, newtonian gravitational theory states that the acceleration a (the rate of change of the velocity v ) imparted by gravitation on a test particle is determined by the gravitational potential , and the potential is determined by template, the surrounding mass distribution by Poisson's partial differential equation. This formulation is entirely equivalent to trustworthy essay Newton's law of novels contest, gravitation. Because a test particle's acceleration depends only on the potential generated by trustworthy essay, matter in the surroundings, the theory respects the research paper, weak equivalence principle: the motion of a particle is independent of its internal structure or composition . As the trustworthy, subject of Galileo Galilei's apocryphal experiment at the tower of Pisa, this principle is supported by a series of high precision experiments culminating in those directed by Baron Lorand von Eotvos in Budapest in 1922, Robert Dicke at Princeton in 1964, and Vladimir Braginsky in Moscow in 1972.
Highly successful in everyday applications, newtonian gravitation has also proved accurate in describing motions in the solar system (except for research rubric tiny relativistic effects), the internal structure of planets, the friends, sun and other stars, orbits in binary and multiple stellar systems, the structure of novels, molecular clouds, and, in a rough way, the structure of galaxies and clusters of galaxies (but see below). According to newtonian theory, gravitational effects propagate from place to place instantaneously. With the advent of Einstein's special theory of relativity in 1905, a theory uniting the concepts of trustworthy friends essay, space and vatos forever essay, time into that of four dimensional flat space-time (named Minkowski space-time after the mathematician Hermann Minkowski), a problem became discernible with newtonian theory. Friends? According to special relativity, which is the current guideline to the form of all physical theory, the speed of light, c = 3 x 10 10 cm s -1 , is the top speed allowed to physical particles or forces: There can be no instantaneous propagation. After a decade of search for new concepts to make gravitational theory compatible with the spirit of special relativity, Einstein came up with the theory of general relativity (1915), the prototype of all modern gravitational theories. Its crucial ingredient, involving a colossal intellectual jump, is the essay uniforms, concept of gravitation, not as a force, but as a manifestation of the curvature of space-time, an idea first mentioned in rudimentary form by the mathematician Ceorg Bernhard Riemann in 1854. Trustworthy Friends? In Einstein's hands gravitation theory was thus transformed from thesis kento, a theory of friends essay, forces into the first dynamical theory of geometry, the geometry of four dimensional curved space-time. Why talk of curvature? One of Einstein's first predictions was the gravitational redshift: As any wave, such as light, propagates away from a gravitating mass, all frequencies in it are reduced by an amount proportional to the change in vatos forever essay, gravitational potential experienced by the wave. This redshift has been measured in the laboratory, in solar observations, and by means of high precision clocks flown in airplanes.
However, imagine for a moment that general relativity had not yet been invented, but the redshift has already been measured. According to a simple argument owing to Alfred Schild, wave propagation under stationary circumstances can display a redshift only if the friends, usual geometric relations implicit in Minkowski space-time are violated: The space-time must be curved. The observations of the redshift thus show that space-time must be curved in the vicinity of masses, regardless of the precise form of the gravitational theory. Einstein provided 10 equations relating the metric (a tensor with 10 independent components describing the geometry of space-time) to the material energy momentum tensor (also composed of 10 components, one of essay of introducing, which corresponds to our previous ). These Einstein field equations, in which both of the previously mentioned constants G and c figure as parameters, replace Poisson's equation. Essay? Einstein also replaced the newtonian law of motion by the statement that free test particles move along geodesics, the shortest curves in vatos essay, the space-time geometry. The influential gravitation theorist John Archibald Wheeler has encapsulated general relativity in the aphorism ``curvature tells matter how to move, and matter tells space-time how to curve.'' The Eotvos-Dicke-Braginsky experiments demonstrate with high precision that free test particles all travel along the same trajectories in space-time, whereas the gravitational redshift shows (with more modest precision) these universal trajectories to be identical with geodesics. Despite the great contrast between General Relativity and friends essay, Newtonian theory, predictions of the former approach the latter for systems in which velocities are small compared to c and gravitational potentials are weak enough that they cannot cause larger velocities.
This is why we can discuss with newtonian theory the structure of the earth and planets, stars and school, stellar clusters, and the gross features of trustworthy friends, motions in the solar system without fear of error. Einstein noted two other predictions of holocaust paper rubric, General Relativity. First, light beams passing near a gravitating body must suffer a slight deflection proportional to essay that body's mass. First verified by observations of stellar images during the 1919 total solar eclipse, this effect also causes deflection of quasar radio images by the sun, is the likely cause of the phenomenon of ``double quasars'' with identical redshift and of the recently discovered giant arcs in clusters of a persuasive, galaxies (both probably effects of essay, gravitational lensing), and is part and parcel of the black hole phenomenon. In a closely related effect first noted by of introducing, Irwin Shapiro, radiation passing near a gravitating body is delayed in its flight in trustworthy friends, proportion to the body's mass, a time delay verified by means of paper, radar waves deflected by the sun on their way from Earth to Mercury and back. The second effect is the trustworthy, precession of the periastron of a binary system.
According to newtonian gravitation, the orbit of each member of a binary is a coplanar ellipse with orientation fixed in space. General relativity predicts a slow rotation of the ellipse's major axis in the plane of the orbit (precession of the periastron). Originally verified in the motion of Mercury, the precession has of locos forever, late also been detected in the orbits of binary pulsars. All three effects mentioned depend on trustworthy friends essay features of General Relativity beyond the weak equivalence principle. Indeed, Einstein built into general relativity the much more encompassing ``strong equivalence principle'': the local forms of all nongravitational physical laws and the numerical values of all dimensionless physical constants arc the same in tunnel kento, the presence of a gravitational field as in trustworthy essay, its absence . In practice this implies that within any region in a persuasive about uniforms, a gravitational field, sufficiently small that space-time curvature may be ignored, all physical laws, when expressed in terms of the friends, space-time metric, have the same forms as required by special relativity in terms of the metric of Minkowski space-time. Thus in a small region in the neighborhood of a black hole (the source of a strong gravitational field) we would describe electromagnetism and ayn rand novels, optics with the same Maxwell equations used in earthly laboratories where the gravitational field is weak, and we would employ the laboratory values of the electrical permittivity and magnetic susceptibility of the vacuum.
The strong equivalence principle effectively forces gravitational theory to trustworthy be General Relativity. Less well tested than the weak version of the principle mentioned earlier, the strong version requires Newton's constant expressed in atomic units to be the same number everywhere, in strong or weak gravitational fields. Stressing that there is very little experimental evidence bearing on this assertion, Dicke and his student Carl Brans proposed in 1961 a modification of essay, general relativity akin to a theory considered earlier by Pascual Jordan. In the Brans-Dicke theory the reciprocal of the essay, gravitational constant is itself a one-component field, the scalar field , that is generated by matter in accordance with an additional equation. Then as well as matter has a say in determining the metric via a modified version of Einstein's equations.
Because it involves both metric and scalar fields, the Brans-Dicke theory is paper dubbed scalar-tensor. Although not complying with the strong equivalence principle, the theory does respect a milder version of essay, it, the Einstein equivalence principle, which asserts that only thesis kento, nongravitational laws and dimensionless constants have their special relativistic forms and values everywhere. Gravitation theorists call theories obeying the Einstein equivalence principle metric theories. The Brans-Dicke theory also reduces to Newtonian theory for systems with small velocities and trustworthy, weak potentials: It has a newtonian limit. In fact, Brans-Dicke theory is distinguishable from general relativity only by locos, the value of its single dimensionless parameter which determines the effectiveness of matter in producing . Trustworthy? The larger , the closer the Brans-Dicke theory predictions are to general relativity. About? Both theories predict the trustworthy friends essay, same gravitational redshift effect, although they predict slightly different light deflection and periastron precession effects; the differences vanish in the limit of infinite . Measurements of Mercury's perihelion precession, radar flight time delay, and radio wave deflection by novels essay contest, the sun indicate that is at least several hundred. Initially a popular alternative to friends essay General Relativity, the Brans-Dicke theory lost favor as it became clear that must be very large-an artificial requirement in some views. Nevertheless, the theory has remained a paradigm for the introduction of scalar fields into gravitational theory, and as such has enjoyed a renaissance in connection with theories of higher dimensional space-time. However, constancy of is not conceptually required. A Persuasive Essay About? In the generic scalar-tensor theory studied by Peter Bergmann, Robert Wagoner, and Kenneth Nordtvedt, is itself a general function of ( ). It remains true that in regions of space-time where ( ) is numerically large, the theory's predictions approach those of friends, general relativity. It is even possible for ( ) to evolve systematically in the favored direction.
Thus in the variable mass theory (VMT, see Table 1), a scalar-tensor theory devised to test the necessity for the strong equivalence principle, the expansion of the universe forces evolution of essay, toward a particular value at which ( ) diverges. Thus, late in the history of the essay, universe (and today is a persuasive about late), localized gravitational systems are accurately described by general relativity although the assumed gravitational theory is scalar-tensor. More than two score relativistic theories of gravitation have been proposed. Some have no metric; others take the metric as fixed, not dynamic. These have usually fared badly in light of experiment. Among metric theories those involving a vector field or a tensor field additional to the metric can display a preferred frame of reference or spatial anisotropy effects (phenomena that depend on direction in space). Friends? Both effects may contradict a variety of modern experiments. Table 1 gives a sample of theories of gravitation, summarizing the main ingredients of each theory and its experimental status.
All relativistic gravitational theories mentioned so far have a newtonian limit, a tacit requirement of tunnel kento, candidate relativistic gravitational theories until very recently. Now, if the correct gravitational theory is general relativity or any of its traditional imitations, then newtonian theory should satisfactorily describe galaxies and clusters of galaxies, astrophysical systems involving small velocities and weak potentials. Friends? But there is essay of introducing yourself mounting observational evidence that this can be the case only if galaxies and clusters of galaxies are postulated to contain large amounts of dark matter. Thus far this dark matter has not been detected independently of the preceding argument. Might not this missing mass puzzle signal instead the break-down of the newtonian limit of gravitational theory for very large systems? In this connection several schemes alternative to trustworthy essay Newtonian theory have been proposed.
A well developed one is the modified newtonian dynamics or MOND (see Table 1), in paper, which the relation between newtonian potential and the resulting acceleration is regarded as departing from newtonian form for gravitational fields with magnitude of below 10 -8 cm s -2 . Friends? In galaxies and clusters of galaxies (with no dark matter assumed) the gravitational fields are weaker than this, and a breakdown of ayn rand novels essay contest, newtonian predictions having nothing to do with dark matter is expected. With its one postulated relation, MOND ties together a number of empirical relations in extragalactic astronomy. Trustworthy Friends? A nonrelativistic gravitational theory containing the MOND relation has been set forth, and relativistic generalizations of these ideas are currently under study.