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Build Your Construction Resume with Keywords. A Place Like To Visit. Did you know that making one change to your could improve your chances of job search success? Adding keywords will help get your resume noticed and expose you to more job opportunities. Keywords are terms that hiring managers enter when searching for thesis time, resumes on a place essay, Monster. If your resume contains keywords that match those a potential employer is searching for, you have a much better chance of being found. Your keywords continue to in public be helpful when an actual hiring manager reviews your resume, showing that person you have the describe you would like, desired qualifications for the job. Argumentative. Keywords can be categorized as follows: Job titles, especially the a place, one you are pursuing. Job-specific skills and knowledge areas. Soft skills (such as team player or leadership skills)
Tools, equipment and technical applications. Industry credentials, such as certifications, licenses, training and degrees. Affiliations and english, union membership. Keywords can appear anywhere on describe you would like to visit, your resume. Finance Topics. Use the describe a place you would like, Skills section on your Monster resume to include a comprehensive list of corporate paper topics, skill-related keywords. Think like a hiring manager: If you were hiring someone with your background, what credentials would you look for? A helpful exercise is to search for your target job on Monster and review the postings that come up.
Look for you would to visit, frequently requested skills, licenses and other useful keywords. The following are sample keywords for various construction specialties. Letter Hook. The lists are not exhaustive, as the a place you would like to visit essay, keywords you should add to your resume depend on your experience and skills. Use the lists as a starting point for essay in public, determining important keywords you can integrate into your own resume: Keywords Related to a place to visit All Trades. Soft Skills: Professionalism, results-driven, self-starter, goal-oriented, team player, communication skills, interpersonal skills, multi-tasker, honest, organized, dependable, punctual, leader, customer service.
Construction-Specific: Valid driver#39;s license, own hand/power tools, safe and clean working environment, regulatory and safety compliance (OSHA, ADA, UBC, HAZMAT), equipment maintenance, available for travel and thesis time, flexible shifts. 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Construction Manager: Construction supervisor, construction project manager, project superintendent, construction foreman, assistant construction supervisor, project management, commercial construction, industrial construction, residential construction, construction supervisor#39;s license, plan reading, Work Breakdown Structures (WBS), ground-up projects, subcontractor recruitment/supervision, enforcement of codes and safety regulations, structural engineering drawings, job site supervision safety, project estimating/bidding, workflow project scheduling, Critical Path Methods (CPMs), project funding, materials ordering, budgeting pro-formas, quality control, architectural design, blueprint reading, land acquisition, MS Project, AutoCAD. Translate. Construction Worker/Laborer: Construction laborer, construction helper, general laborer, heavy construction projects, construction machines and tools, construction site cleaning and a place you would like to visit essay, prep, demolition, backfill excavations, scaffolding building, asbestos removal, propane/oxygen/acetylene torches, heavy machinery operation, cement mixer, forklifts, backhoes, cranes, cable trucks, hydra-lift trucks, haul trucks, use of levels, repetitive heavy lifting. Electrician: Electric motor/switch assembler and repairer, electronic equipment installer/repairer, electrical power-line installer/repairer, electrician#39;s helper, electrician assistant, commercial electrician, maintenance electrician, certified electrician, journeyman electrician, electric meter installer/repairer, electrical engineer, avionics technician, electrical technician, schematic diagram interpretation, blueprint reading and do my english, interpretation, control circuit troubleshooting, 120V, 480/277V, VFDs, individual sensors, level probes, thermocouples, RTD, 3-phase AC motors, drive systems, electrical testing equipment, logic schematics, mechanical aptitude, welding equipment, air compressors, HVAC systems, vacuum pumps, programmable logic controller (PLC) systems, Allen Bradley PLC Systems, motor controls, pneumatics, hydraulics, mechanical systems, welding systems, project management (PM), SLC-5 series, rsnetworx, Control Logix, DH+, process control instrumentation, I/P, PID, voltage troubleshooting, standard wiring practices, National Electrical Codes (NEC), AC/DC control circuit troubleshooting. You Would To Visit. Ironworker: Steel worker, metal fabricator, presser, production worker, rebar worker, drawing and thesis time, schematic reading and describe a place like essay, interpretation, rigging assembly, heavy equipment moving, cable attachments, steel unit positioning and english, alignment, pre-fabricated structure assembly, reinforcing bar and describe like, tension cable laying and connecting, steel cutting and corporate research, positioning, concrete reinforcement, ornamental ironwork installation, robotic equipment, mag drills, Hogan drills, grinders, hydraulic tools. Mason: Stonemason, brickmason, blockmason, bricklayer, tile and marble setter, cement mason, concrete finisher, stucco mason, plaster mason, junior mason, mason apprentice, journeyman mason, cornering, lead construction, course construction, mortar selection and you would, preparation, brick and stone sizing/cutting, natural and thesis time, manmade stone materials, granite/limestone/marble masonry, concrete masonry, brick masonry, wedges, plumblines, levelers, wall and you would like to visit essay, floor construction, chimney and fireplace construction, residential and commercial construction, stone laying, brick laying, precision cutting, brick and stone alignment, blueprint reading. Painter: House painter, prep painter, industrial painter, commercial painter, residential painter, sheetrock taper, HVLP liquid painting, drywall patcher, interior and argumentative essay in public, exterior surfaces, painting equipment/spray guns, paint mixing ratios, plaster installation, prepare/seal/prime surfaces, cost estimation. Plumber: Journeyman plumber, master plumber, drain technician, plumber gasfitter, industrial plumber, service plumber, residential service plumber, commercial services plumber, licensed tradesman plumber, licensed plumber, plumber#39;s helper, journey license, master plumber#39;s license, equipment maintenance, high-rise, tilt-up, estimating, new construction, plumbing system installation and testing, licensed backflow tester, underground plumbing and a place essay, piping systems, steam systems, boiler installation, jetter experience, water treatment systems installation, industrial piping, gas piping, sprinkler systems, rough-in, gas lines, emergency service, pipes and thesis time, pipe fittings, blueprint reading, pipe cutters, cutting torch, threading machine, bending machine, preventive maintenance.
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Load Shedding Essays and Research Papers. LIGHTING RESEARCH PROGRAM Project 3.2 Energy Efficient Load - Shedding Lighting Technology Consultant Report FINAL REPORT . Prepared For: California Energy Commission Public Interest Energy Research Program Arnold Schwarzenegger, Governor October 2005 CEC-500-2005-141-A6 Energy-Efficient Load - Shedding Lighting Technology Architectural Energy Corporation/LRC CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Prepared By: Lighting Research Center. Andy Bierman, Project Lead Managed By: . California electricity crisis , Compact fluorescent lamp , Demand response 34290 Words | 154 Pages. IMPACT OF LOAD SHEDDING ON PAKISTAN ECONOMY Contents: 1. INTRODUCTION. 2. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY.
3. . Describe Essay! OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY. I Can't Do My English! 4. Describe You Would Like To Visit! ACTUAL DISCUSSION/ANALYSIS. 5. CONCLUSIONS. 6. RECOMMANDATION AND SUGGESTIONS. I Can't English! 7. SCOPE OF THE STUDY. 1. INTRODUCTION: In today’s contemporary world, there are certain threats that have become the most significant issues for the world economy to deal with.
These include an ever increasing population, intensifying regional. California electricity crisis , Economics , Economies 546 Words | 3 Pages. (041)-8750971-75, EXT: 327 email@example.com Fascimile (041)-8750970 E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org ESSAY LOAD SHEDDING IN . Describe To Visit! PAKISTAN There are number of problems which exist in Pakistan, among these problem Load shedding is the essay on wisdom teeth, one major problem of Pakistan .There are several reasons of Load shedding . Here we discussed few of them and then its effect on the Pakistan. The first main reason of load shedding is energy crisis, these crisis are due to small number of dams or may be due to miss use of electricity. Accounting software , Accounts receivable , Faisalabad 851 Words | 6 Pages. size of the describe you would like, image. On Wisdom Teeth! If the graphic file is describe to visit essay too large, the website will take along time to thesis time, load . A slow-loading website is a quick way for a . consumer to give up and move on to the next related website. WEBSITE SOURCE states While inserting graphics to your website, make sure that you are not inserting huge image file, since the larger the image, the describe, longer it takes to load the page.
And the longer it takes to load the page, the more likely your visitor will go somewhere else (2007). As previously. Graphic design , Load , Marketing 2245 Words | 6 Pages. amazon and barnes and noble. Test Scenario 5 – Page load delay on home page (Scenario-based Analysis) * Web Site: www.waterstones.com . Corporate Topics! * Strength – Loads the you would to visit essay, home page faster * Where is the problem? – n/a * Guidelines – better average load time was recorded at waterstone home page which is finance research paper 1.47s. Conclusion – Waterstones home page load time recorded the best average load time of 1.47s compared to its competitors load times of a place you would like essay, 4.17s for Amazon and 4.19 for Barnes and. Internet , Load , Waterstone's 727 Words | 3 Pages. THE UNIVERISTY OF MANCHESTER SCHOOL OF MECHANICAL, AEROSPACE AND CIVIL ENGINEERING LABORATORY REPORT INSTRUMENTATION AND MEASUREMENT VORTEX . SHEDDING FROM A CYLINDER amp; DATA ACQUISITION NAME: MANISH PITROLA STUDENT ID: 75050320 COURSE: MEng MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DUE DATE: 27TH NOVEMBER 2012 1) What are the do my english essay, main advantages and disadvantages of using a hotwire to measure flow velocities?
There are many advantages and disadvantages of using a hotwire to measure flow velocities. Aliasing , Calibration , Digital signal processing 1619 Words | 6 Pages. Pakistan, and as a result electric load shedding , break downs, power outages, fluctuations, blackouts etc are a common feature in . the country. Whether it is summer or winter, load shedding is there. Some times it is scheduled, while or other occasions it is describe a place you would totally unscheduled.. Scarlet Letter Essay! It can be confidently said that the like essay, electric supply has never been reliable at any time in Pakistan. Scarlet! Factors of load shedding : There are many factors behind electric load shedding in describe like to visit Pakistan. These factors include. Alternating current , Demand response , Electrical power industry 1825 Words | 6 Pages. Page 78-83 PROBLEMS FACED BY UNIVERSITY CAMPUS STUDENTS DUE TO LOAD SHEDDING Qamruz Zaman, Muhammad Iqbal, Muhammad Zubair, . Arshad Minhas, Gohar Ayub Department of Statistics, University of scarlet letter essay, Peshawar, Pakistan Faculty of describe a place to visit, Arts Basic Sciences, BUITEMS, Quetta, PhD scholar, Hajvery University, Lahore Institute of Management Studies, University of Peshawar, Pakistan Lecturer of Statistics, Swat University Abstract Load shedding is argumentative on smoking in public giving a tough time to University campus students. Describe You Would Like Essay! This study.
Affect , Campus , College 1907 Words | 7 Pages. Load Shedding Crisis in Pakistan Electricity is a basic need for sustaining human life. We cannot even imagine how our lives . would have been if electricity was not discovered. Looking at it from an economic growth perspective of a country, the creation of argumentative on smoking in public, energy is very essential. Pakistan however has been facing an acute shortage of electricity for many years now (since 2007). Electricity crisis and describe a place you would, load shedding reaches to 10hours in Karachi. In commercial and residential areas of Karachi load.
California electricity crisis , Electricity generation , Pakistan 1725 Words | 5 Pages. Eskom’s ‘ Load shedding ’ Our community seems outraged by Eskom. Essay On Smoking! People feel that because they paying for their power then why . should they save? Yes it is a place to visit Eskom’sfault that they never placed a power back up system but we do have to live with it for essay, a while unfortunately. However Eskom does claim that they are doing everything possible in order to accommodate everyone. People are saying though that they are not living up to any of their promises made in the beginning. In fact many claims and promises. Business , Cape Argus , Economics 837 Words | 3 Pages. LOAD SHEDDING IN PAKISTAN Objective: To identify the factors involved that cause’s severe load . shedding in Pakistan and to recommend the a place you would like, best approach to solve and how to translate, get rid of this problem.
Summary: At present, Pakistan is facing severe load shedding approximately 12 hours a day in villages and 8-10 hours in urban areas. The load shedding of electricity has become a routine matter in describe like to visit the country. Essay Teeth! Electric energy is of utmost importance for the survival of modern life. Prosperity of. Coal , Electricity generation , Energy development 1100 Words | 4 Pages. Behavior of Students Towards Load Shedding: Behavior of students towards load shedding : Students from all over describe a place the city consider themselves the worst affected by scarlet . load shedding , they feel like they are living in Stone Age.
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Finally we investigate the loadings in a real life situation to provide an like to visit, analysis of the overall load structure. I Can't Do My Essay! METHOD ? In the practical experiment we applied various loads in. Bending moment , Experiment , Force 1417 Words | 7 Pages. flipkart.com load ? Very Slow (3.39 Seconds), 88% of sites are faster. The reported load time for describe you would like essay, a website is the median time it . takes to load pages from that site in translate essays a real users' web browsers. Alexa takes the median of all the page load times we observe for a site and then compares that to the same figure for all other sites. For example, a site in the 98th percentile (Very Fast) has a median load time faster than 98% of all measured sites, while a site in describe a place you would to visit the 2nd percentile (Very Slow) loads more quickly. Cascading Style Sheets , Character encoding , Data compression 2048 Words | 15 Pages. 1,000. Although, a person can have no symptoms, but the HIV infection can progress to essays, to AIDS when his or her CD4 count becomes less than 200.
The viral . load test measures the amount of the you would like, virus in translate your blood. Studies have shown that people with higher viral loads generally become fair, instead of more poorly than those with a lower viral load . The drug resistance blood test determines whether the strain of HIV a person has will be resistance to certain anti-HIV medications and that may work better. AIDS , Antiretroviral drug , Blood 1824 Words | 5 Pages. STAAD Pro can generate reports of the inputs and describe a place, the outputs with the usage of graphical results embedded within, which can be considered as final document . presented to the client. For any structural engineer the most tedious job is to argumentative on smoking, perform Live Load Analysis, Seismic Analysis, Time History Analysis, Wind Analysis and Response Spectra. STAAD’s ability to perform all these tasks in a single package with minimal time gives STAAD an edge over other structural design software. In Civil Engineering.
Bridge , Civil engineering , Earthquake engineering 1854 Words | 7 Pages. nformative Synthesis Essay: HIV/AIDS Antiviral Therapies. and HIV viral load . Like! Both help healthcare provides know the strength of essay, your immune system. CD4 cells help your immune system function but the . Describe To Visit Essay! HIV virus comes in and kills those CD4 cells. Essays! However the CD4 count test tells how many CD4 cells you have and the higher the count the better. A Place You Would Like Essay! The second test health care providers administer is the corporate finance topics, HIV viral load test. Describe Like To Visit Essay! This test determines how much of the HIV virus is present in your blood and essay on smoking, how fast is it growing. The higher the a place, viral load is essays equivalent. AIDS , Antiretroviral drug , Antiviral drug 1352 Words | 4 Pages. The Effect of Interactivity with a Music Video Game on Second Language Vocabulary Recall. language music video game is manipulated to investigate the effect of interactivity on vocabulary acquisition and cognitive load (deHaan, Reed . Kuwada, 2010) or in simpler way is to describe a place you would like, investigate whether the interactivity ( and simultaneously presented text, audio and on wisdom, animation) of video game is extraneous cognitive load (thus having a negative effect on learning) or germane load (thus having a positive effect on learning) (deHaan, Reed Kuwada, 2010).
Overview The research question that been highlighted. Cognitive load , Educational psychology , Language 1619 Words | 6 Pages. carbohydrate takes longer to you would like to visit, be converted to sugar, thus implying that it is hook contains insoluble fiber that is describe a place you would like to visit tougher to break down (that’s good news, . intestines need some exercise too). Research Paper Topics! While consuming carbohydrates, watch out for the glycemic load (GL) too. Like Essay! Glycemic load accounts for finance research paper topics, how much carbohydrate is in the food, and how much each gram of carbohydrate in the food raises blood glucose levels.
For instance, watermelon has a high GI – but a typical serving of watermelon does not actually contain much. Blood sugar , Carbohydrate , Glucose 1773 Words | 5 Pages. Ehtical and Legal Aspect of a Scenario Where a Gp Has a Dilemma of Disclosing His Patients Hiv Status to His Partner. realistic possibility of HIV transmission is rejected” provided the carrier of the virus has a low viral load and a condom is used during . Describe You Would Essay! sexual intercourse. Corporate Finance Topics! Otherwise HIV carriers have to disclose their status to their partners”. Like To Visit! CBC News October 05, 2012. The scenario under discussion has not mentioned the following issues: When Bob was infected. Who infected him with the essay, virus? What was his viral load count when he was seen by Dr Gomez? What are Bob’s sexual behaviours around wearing a condom during.
Condom , Ethics , HIV 1119 Words | 3 Pages. foods that have carbohydrates in them. In away glycemic index is a extension of our dietary fibre intake.. The most important extension is called the . glycemic load , which takes the quantity of available carbohydrates into account. Available carbohydrates are those that provide energy, i.e. starch and sugar, but not fiber. The glycemic load measures the effect of the glycemic index of a food times its available carbohydrate content in grams in a standard serving. (Mendosa 2009).In this study we are.
Blood sugar , Carbohydrate , Diabetes 1751 Words | 5 Pages. its early start, regardless of resource constraints. 6. A period labor requirements table for like essay, each group and the project as a whole. Include bar graphs to . illustrate the labor loads . On Wisdom! 7. Describe A Place You Would Essay! A cumulative labor requirements table for each group and the project as a whole. Include line graphs to illustrate the cumulative loads . 8. A schedule based on corporate finance paper topics the best leveling of labor requirements that could be achieved without lengthening project duration by more than 14 percent in calendar days.
9. A cash. Manufacturing , New product development , Packaging and labeling 1959 Words | 7 Pages. contents. Describe You Would To Visit! * Secondary packaging is outside the primary packaging, perhaps used to group primary packages together. * Tertiary packaging is used . for bulk handling, warehouse storage and essay, transport shipping. The most common form is a palletized unit load that packs tightly into containers. These broad categories can be somewhat arbitrary. For example, depending on describe a place to visit the use, a shrink wrap can be primary packaging when applied directly to the product, secondary packaging when combining smaller packages. Atmosphere , Corrugated fiberboard , Modified atmosphere 1793 Words | 7 Pages. Classic, has improved over time. Essay On Wisdom! Enriched with vitamins and minerals, four slices of Original Classic contains as much calcium as a glass of milk. The pride . of describe, Gardenia, Gardenia Breakthru, is the ground-breaking Low Glycaemic Index and Low Glycaemic Load bread. It has prebiotic properties, high protein and fibre content, with lower carbohydrate and caloric attributes.
The presence of Beta Glucan helps to reduce cholesterol. Breakthru has even passed an extensive clinical protocol of the thesis time, Glycemic Index. Brand , Bread , Breads 1449 Words | 5 Pages. protection function of packaging. B) False 10. A bottle for shampoo is an example of a primary package. A) True 11. Stretch wrap for a palletload of . cases of soup cans is an example of a secondary package.
B) False 12. Plastic strapping on to visit essay a pallet- load of scarlet letter hook, boxes is an example of a tertiary package. A) True 13. Describe A Place Like To Visit! The Packaging Building contains several laboratories. Essay Hook! A) True 14. Michigan State has the largest packaging education program in the U.S. A) True 15. Describe A Place You Would Like! Students who major in packaging must.
Bottle , Glass , Melting point 862 Words | 4 Pages. POS433r1 file processing commands worksheet 1 1. 3 root RT 0 0 0 0 S 0.0 0.0 0:00.00 migration/0 If using a long listing and no process modifiers, what is the swap space . amount for the bash command? [student@bsit_rh61. ]$ toptop - 00:35:03 up 18:08, 2 users, load average: 0.01, 0.02, 0.00Tasks: 138 total, 1 running, 137 sleeping, 0 stopped, 0 zombieCpu(s): 0.3%us, 1.3%sy, 0.0%ni, 98.0%id, 0.0%wa, 0.3%hi, 0.0%si, 0.0%stMem: 507472k total, 308388k used, 199084k free, 33048k buffersSwap. File system , KILL , Load 385 Words | 2 Pages. potentials that private facilities provide and thesis time, how they can be put into better use to ease the increasing burden on public health resources and you would essay, strengthen . the health sector in argumentative essay in public Nigeria. Describe A Place Like To Visit! Also to investigate how private laboratories can alleviate the patient load on public facilities, reduce wait times stigmatization, provide flexible scheduling and better support services for people living with HIV. Methodology Simple stratified random selection method will be used.
We will collect data using questionnaires. AIDS , ELISA , HIV 1423 Words | 8 Pages. Government Policies on thesis time Hiv/Aids, Prevention and Control. There are three main ways ie) Sexual transmission, Blood transmission and mother-to-child transmission. Using treatment as prevention is a method that has . emerged in recent years. Good adherence to antiretroviral treatment can lower a person’s viral load hence reducing the risk of onward HIV transmission. Mother-to-child infection can be prevented by use of a place you would like, antiretroviral prophylaxis by HIV positive pregnant women. Studies have shown that the number of mother-to-child infection has dropped from. AIDS , Antiretroviral drug , Blood 982 Words | 4 Pages. Sciences, 29(S1), S91-99.
Donaldson, C., Perry, T., amp; Rose, M. (2010). Glycemic index and endurance perfomance. International Journal of Sport . Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 20, 154-165. Essay On Wisdom Teeth! Beavers, K., amp; Leutholtz, B. (2008). To Visit! Glycemic load food guide pyramid for essay on wisdom teeth, athletic performance. Strength and a place you would essay, Conditioning Journal, 30(3), 10-14.
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high computer information will be the major tools for the study. The IDS summaries the learners need and you would like, expectations and possible outcomes during the . learning process. The high computing information will be used to address the issues of cognitive load theory which states that there is a capacity limit to which information can be processed (Sorden, 2005). The key components of IDS are; Analysis, Design, Develop, Implement and Evaluate. The first Analysis phase involves stating the problem of the. Cognitive load , Cognitive science , Computer 2036 Words | 8 Pages.
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Descriptive Essay: A Beautiful Place: Descriptive Essay Example
SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. The DBQ, or document-based-question, is a somewhat unusually-formatted timed essay on the AP History Exams: AP US History, AP European History, and AP World History. Because of its unfamiliarity, many students are at a loss as to how to even prepare, let alone how to write a successful essay on describe like essay, test day. Essays. Never fear! I, the describe to visit, DBQ wizard and master, have a wealth of preparation strategies for you, as well as advice on how to cram everything you need to cover into your limited DBQ writing time on exam day. When you're done reading this guide, you'll know exactly how to write a DBQ.
For a general overview of the DBQ—what it is, its purpose, its format, etc.—see my article “What is essay in public, a DBQ?” Establish a Baseline. Take Another Practice DBQ. How Can I Succeed on Test Day? Reading the Question and Documents. Planning Your Essay.
Writing Your Essay. Your AP exam study timeline depends on a few things. First, how much time you have to study per week, and how many hours you want to study in total? If you don’t have much time per week, start a little earlier; if you will be able to devote a substantial amount of to visit essay time per essay, week (10-15 hours) to prep, you can wait until later in the year. Describe A Place You Would Like. One thing to keep in mind, though, is argumentative on smoking in public, that the earlier you start studying for your AP test, the less material you will have covered in class. Make sure you continually review older material as the describe to visit, school year goes on to keep things fresh in your mind, but in terms of DBQ prep it probably doesn’t make sense to start before February or January at the absolute earliest. Another factor is how much you need to i can't essay work on. I recommend you complete a baseline DBQ around early February to see where you need to focus your efforts. Describe You Would Essay. If, for example, you got a six out of seven and missed one point for doing further document analysis, you won’t need to spend too much time studying how to write a DBQ.
Maybe just do a document analysis exercise every few weeks and check in a couple months later with another timed practice DBQ to make sure you’ve got it. However, if you got a two or three out of seven, you’ll know you have more work to do, and you’ll probably want to devote at least an hour or two every week to translate honing your skills. The general flow of your preparation should be: take a practice DBQ, do focused skills practice, take another practice DBQ, do focused skills practice, take another practice DBQ, and so on. A Place Like To Visit. How often you take the practice DBQs and how many times you repeat the cycle really depends on how much preparation you need, and how often you want to check your progress. Corporate Finance Paper Topics. Take practice DBQs often enough that the format stays familiar, but not so much that you’ve done barely any skills practice in between. He's ready to start studying! The general preparation process is to diagnose, practice, test, and repeat. First, you’ll figure out what you need to work on a place like essay, by establishing a baseline level for your DBQ skills. Then, you’ll practice building skills. Finally, you’ll take another DBQ to see how you've improved and what you still need to work on.
In this next section, I’ll go over the whole process. First, I’ll give guidance on how to establish a baseline. Then I’ll go over some basic, foundational essay-writing skills and how to build them. After that I’ll break down the DBQ rubric. You’ll be acing practice DBQs before you know it! The first thing you need to finance research paper do is to establish a baseline— figure out where you are at with respect to describe a place you would like essay your DBQ skills.
This will let you know where you need to focus your preparation efforts. To do this, you will take a timed, practice DBQ and hook, have a trusted teacher or advisor grade it according to the appropriate rubric. For the AP US History DBQ, you’ll be given a 15-minute reading period and 40 minutes of writing time. Describe A Place You Would Essay. A selection of i can't practice questions from the exam can be found online at the College Board, including a DBQ. (Go to page 136 in the linked document for the practice prompt.) If you’ve already seen this practice question, perhaps in you would class, you might use the 2015 DBQ question. Other available College Board DBQs are going to be in the old format (find them in the “Free-Response Questions” documents). This is fine if you need to use them, but be sure to use the new rubric (which is out of on wisdom seven points, rather than nine) to grade.
I advise you to save all these links , or even download all the describe a place you would to visit, Free Response Questions and the Scoring Guides, for reference because you will be using them again and again for practice. The College Board has provided practice questions for scarlet essay, the exam, including a DBQ (see page 200 in the linked document). If you’ve already seen this question, the only other questions available through the describe like, College Board are in the old format, because the 2016 DBQ is in a new, seven-point format identical to the AP US History exam. Just be sure to use the new DBQ rubric if you want to use any of the old prompts provided by the College Board. (DBQs are in the documents titled “Free-Response Questions.”) I advise you to save all these links (or even download all the Free Response Questions and the Scoring Guides) for reference, because you will be using them again and i can't, again for practice. Who knows—maybe this will be one of your documents! For this exam, you’ll be given a 15-minute reading period and 40 minutes of writing time . As for the other two history exams, the College Board has provided practice questions.
See page 166 for the DBQ. If you’ve already seen this question, the only other questions available through the College Board are in the old format, because the 2017 World History DBQ is in a new, seven-point format identical to the AP US History and essay, AP European History exams. Teeth. So be sure to a place you would like use the new DBQ rubric if you want to corporate finance use any of the old prompts provided by the College Board. (DBQs are in the documents titled “Free-Response Questions.”) I advise you to you would essay save all these links (or even download all the Free Response Questions and the Scoring Guides) for reference, because you will be using them again and again for practice. Finding a Trusted Advisor to Look at Your Papers. A history teacher would be a great resource, but if they are not available to essay you in this capacity, here are some other ideas: An English teacher.
Ask a librarian at you would like essay, your school or public library! If they can’t help you, they may be able to corporate finance paper direct you to resources who can. A Place Like To Visit. You could also ask a school guidance counselor to direct you to in-school resources you could use. A tutor. This is on wisdom teeth, especially helpful if they are familiar with the test, although even if they aren’t, they can still advise—the DBQ is mostly testing academic writing skills under pressure. Your parent(s)! Again, ideally your trusted advisor will be familiar with the AP, but if you have used your parents for writing help in the past they can also assist here. You might try an older friend who has already taken the a place you would like essay, exam and did well. although bear in mind that some people are better at doing than scoring and/or explaining!
If you know nothing about the corporate finance topics, DBQ and you’d like to do a little basic familiarization before you establish your baseline, that’s completely fine. There’s no point in taking a practice exam if you are going to panic and muddle your way through it; it won’t give a useful picture of your skills. Like. For a basic orientation, check out paper, my article for a basic introduction to describe a place you would like to visit essay the DBQ including DBQ format. If you want to look at one or two sample essays, see my article for a list of DBQ example essay resources. Keep in mind that you should use a fresh prompt you haven’t seen to establish your baseline, though, so if you do look at on smoking, samples don’t use those prompts to set your baseline.
I would also check out this page about the various “task” words associated with AP essay questions . This page was created primarily for the AP European History Long Essay question, but the definitions are still useful for the DBQ on all the history exams, particularly since these are the definitions provided by describe a place to visit, the College Board. Once you feel oriented, take your practice exam! Don’t worry if you don’t do well on finance paper, your first practice! That’s what studying is for. The point of establishing a baseline is not to make you feel bad, but to empower you to focus your efforts on the areas you need to work on. Even if you need to describe a place you would like to visit essay work on corporate research paper topics, all the areas, that is completely fine and doable! Every skill you need for the DBQ can be built . In the following section, we’ll go over describe a place you would like essay, these skills and how to build them for each exam. You need a stronger foundation than this sand castle. In this section, I’ll discuss the finance paper topics, foundational writing skills you need to write a DBQ. A Place You Would. I’ll start with some general information on crafting an effective thesis , since this is a skill you will need for any DBQ exam (and for your entire academic life). Argumentative Essay. Then, I’ll go over outlining essays, with some sample outline ideas for the DBQ.
After I’ll touch on a place essay, time management. Finally, I’ll briefly discuss how to non-awkwardly integrate information from your documents into your writing. It sounds like a lot, but not only finance research paper are these skills vital to your academic career in general, you probably already have the basic building blocks to master them in your arsenal! Writing a good thesis is a skill you will need to develop for all your DBQs, and for any essay you write, on the AP or otherwise. Here are some general rules as to what makes a good thesis: A good thesis does more than just restate the prompt. Let’s say our class prompt is: “Analyze the primary factors that led to to visit the French Revolution.” Gregory writes, “There were many factors that caused the French Revolution” as his thesis. This is not an effective thesis . All it does is vaguely restate the prompt. A good thesis makes a plausible claim that you can defend in an essay-length piece of writing. Maybe Karen writes, “Marie Antoinette caused the French Revolution when she said ‘Let them eat cake’ because it made people mad.” This is not an effective thesis, either. Scarlet Letter. For one thing, Marie Antoinette never said that. More importantly, how are you going to write an entire essay on how one offhand comment by Marie Antoinette caused the entire Revolution?
This is both implausible and overly simplistic. A good thesis answers the question . If LaToya writes, “The Reign of Terror led to the ultimate demise of the like essay, French Revolution and i can't do my essay, ultimately paved the way for Napoleon Bonaparte to seize control of France,” she may be making a reasonable, defensible claim, but it doesn’t answer the question, which is not about what happened after the Revolution, but what caused it! A good thesis makes it clear where you are going in your essay. Let’s say Juan writes, “The French Revolution, while caused by a variety of political, social, and economic factors, was primarily incited by the emergence of the highly educated Bourgeois class.” This thesis provides a mini-roadmap for you would like essay, the entire essay, laying out that Juan is going to thesis time discuss the political, social, and economic factors that led to the Revolution, in that order, and that he will argue that the members of the Bourgeois class were the describe a place you would to visit, ultimate inciters of the Revolution. This is a great thesis! It answers the question, makes an overarching point, and essay on wisdom teeth, provides a clear idea of what the writer is going to discuss in the essay. Describe A Place You Would. To review: a good thesis makes a claim, responds to in public the prompt, and a place you would like essay, lays out what you will discuss in your essay. If you feel like you have trouble telling the difference between a good thesis and a not-so-good one, here are a few resources you can consult: This site from SUNY Empire has an exercise in essay on wisdom choosing the best thesis from several options. It’s meant for a place you would to visit essay, research papers, but the on smoking, general rules as to what makes a good thesis apply. About.com has another exercise in a place you would like essay choosing thesis statements specifically for short essays.
Note, however, that most of the correct answers here would be “good” thesis statements as opposed to scarlet letter hook “super” thesis statements. While you should definitely practice looking at DBQ questions and documents and writing a thesis in response to those, you may also find it useful to write some practice thesis statements in response to the Free-Response Questions. While you won’t be taking any documents into a place you would to visit essay, account in your argument for the Free-Response Questions, it’s good practice on how to construct an argumentative essay in public, effective thesis in general. You could even try writing multiple thesis statements in response to the same prompt! It is a great exercise to see how you could approach the prompt from different angles. Time yourself for 5-10 minutes to mimic the you would to visit essay, time pressure of the AP exam. If possible, have a trusted advisor or friend look over your practice statements and give you feedback. Barring that, looking over the scoring guidelines for old prompts (accessible from the same page on the College Board where past free-response questions can be found) will provide you with useful tips on what might make a good thesis in response to a given prompt. Once you can write a thesis, you need to be able to support it—that's where outlining comes in! This is not a good outline. Letter. Outlining and a place like to visit, Formatting Your Essay.
You may be the translate, greatest document analyst and thesis-writer in the world, but if you don’t know how to put it all together in a DBQ essay outline, you won’t be able to write a cohesive, high-scoring essay on test day. A good outline will clearly lay out your thesis and how you are going to support that thesis in your body paragraphs. It will keep your writing organized and prevent you from forgetting anything you want to mention! For some general tips on writing outlines, this page from Roane State has some useful information. While the describe a place you would like to visit essay, general principles of outlining an essay hold, the DBQ format is going to scarlet have its own unique outlining considerations.To that end, I’ve provided some brief sample outlines that will help you hit all the important points. Introduction Thesis. The most important part of your intro! Body 1 - contextual information Any outside historical/contextual information Body 2 - First point Documents analysis that support the describe a place like to visit, first point If three body paragraphs: use about three documents, do deeper analysis on thesis time, two Body 3 - Second point Documents analysis that support the a place like, second point Use about three documents, do deeper analysis on two Be sure to mention your outside example if you have not done so yet! Body 4 (optional) - Third point Documents and letter essay, analysis that support third point Conclusion Re-state thesis Draw a comparison to another time period or situation (synthesis) Depending on your number of a place like essay body paragraphs and thesis time, your main points, you may include different numbers of documents in each paragraph, or switch around where you place your contextual information, your outside example, or your synthesis. There’s no one right way to outline, just so long as each of your body paragraphs has a clear point that you support with documents, and you remember to describe a place like to visit do a deeper analysis on four documents, bring in outside historical information, and essay on wisdom teeth, make a comparison to another historical situation or time (you will see these last points further explained in the rubric breakdown). Of course, all the organizational skills in the world won't help you if you can't write your entire essay in the time allotted.
The next section will cover time management skills. You can be as organized as this library! Time Management Skills for a place you would like to visit, Essay Writing. Do you know all of your essay-writing skills, but just can’t get a DBQ essay together in thesis time a 15-minute planning period and a place to visit essay, 40 minutes of writing? There could be a few things at play here: Do you find yourself spending a lot of time staring at essay on wisdom, a blank paper? If you feel like you don’t know where to start, spend one-two minutes brainstorming as soon as you read the question and describe you would essay, the documents. Write anything here—don’t censor yourself. No one will look at those notes but you! After you’ve brainstormed for a bit, try to organize those thoughts into scarlet, a thesis, and then into a place you would, body paragraphs. It’s better to translate essays start working and a place like, change things around than to essay waste time agonizing that you don’t know the perfect thing to describe a place say.
Are you too anxious to start writing, or does anxiety distract you in the middle of essays your writing time? Do you just feel overwhelmed? Sounds like test anxiety. A Place. Lots of people have this. (Including me! I failed my driver’s license test the first time I took it because I was so nervous.) You might talk to a guidance counselor about your anxiety. Translate Essays. They will be able to provide advice and describe you would like to visit, direct you to resources you can use. There are also some valuable test anxiety resources online: try our guide to mindfulness (it's focused on the SAT, but the scarlet letter hook, same concepts apply on any high-pressure test) and check out tips from Minnesota State University , these strategies from TeensHealth , or this plan for reducing anxiety from West Virginia University . Essay. Are you only two thirds of the way through your essay when 40 minutes have passed? You are probably spending too long on essay on wisdom, your outline, biting off more than you can chew, or both.
If you find yourself spending 20+ minutes outlining, you need to practice bringing down your outline time. Remember, an to visit, outline is just a guide for your essay—it is do my english, fine to switch things around as you are writing. It doesn’t need to be perfect. To cut down on your outline time, practice just outlining for shorter and shorter time intervals. Like To Visit Essay. When you can write one in 20 minutes, bring it down to essays 18, then down to describe 16. You may also be trying to translate essays cover too much in your paper. If you have five body paragraphs, you need to scale things back to three. If you are spending twenty minutes writing two paragraphs of contextual information, you need to trim it down to a few relevant sentences. Be mindful of where you are spending a lot of time, and a place you would, target those areas. You don’t know the problem —you just can’t get it done!
If you can’t exactly pinpoint what’s taking you so long, I advise you to simply practice writing DBQs in less and less time. Start with 20 minutes for do my essay, your outline and describe you would like essay, 50 for your essay, (or longer, if you need). Then when you can do it in 20 and 50, move back to essays 18 minutes and 45 for writing, then to 15 and 40. You absolutely can learn to a place you would essay manage your time effectively so that you can write a great DBQ in essay teeth the time allotted. On to the next skill! The final skill that isn’t explicitly covered in the rubric, but will make a big difference in to visit essay your essay quality, is i can't english, integrating document citations into your essay. In other words, how do you reference the information in the documents in you would like to visit essay a clear, non-awkward way?
It is usually better to use the author or title of the document to identify a document instead of writing “Document A.” So instead of essay writing “Document A describes the riot as. ” you might say, “In Sven Svenson’s description of the riot…” When you quote a document directly without otherwise identifying it, you may want to include a parenthetical citation. For example, you might write, “The strikers were described as ‘valiant and true’ by the working class citizens of the city (Document E).” Now that we’ve reviewed the essential, foundational skills of the essay, DBQ, I’ll move into in public, the rubric breakdowns. We’ll discuss each skill the AP graders will be looking for when they score your exam. All of the history exams share a DBQ rubric, so the guidelines are identical. Don't worry, you won't need a magnifying glass to examine the rubric. The DBQ rubric has four sections for essay, a total of seven points. One point is for having a thesis that works and is historically defensible.
This just means that your thesis can be reasonably supported by the documents and historical fact. So please don’t make the main point of your essay that JFK was a member of the Illuminati or that Pope Urban II was an alien. Per the College Board, your thesis needs to argumentative be located in your introduction or your conclusion. You’ve probably been taught to place your thesis in your intro, so stick with what you’re used to. Plus, it’s just good writing—it helps signal where you are going in the essay and what your point is.
You can receive another point for having a super thesis. A Place You Would Like To Visit Essay. The College Board describes this as having a thesis that takes into account “historical complexity.” Historical complexity is really just the idea that historical evidence does not always agree about everything, and that there are reasons for agreement, disagreement, etc. How will you know whether the historical evidence agrees or disagrees? The documents! Suppose you are responding to a prompt about women’s suffrage (suffrage is the right to vote, for on smoking in public, those of you who haven’t gotten to a place you would like to visit that unit in class yet): “Analyze the responses to the women’s suffrage movement in the United States.” Included among your documents, you have a letter from thesis time a suffragette passionately explaining why she feels women should have the vote, a copy of a suffragette’s speech at a women’s meeting, a letter from one congressman to another debating the pros and cons of describe a place you would to visit essay suffrage, and a political cartoon displaying the finance research paper, death of society and the end of the ‘natural’ order at the hands of a place you would to visit essay female voters. A simple but effective thesis might be something like, “Though ultimately successful, the women’s suffrage movement sharply divided the country between those who believed women’s suffrage was unnatural and those who believed it was an inherent right of women.” This is good: it answers the question and clearly states the two responses to suffrage that are going to be analyzed in the essay. A super thesis , however, would take the relationships between the scarlet letter essay, documents (and the people behind the documents!) into account. It might be something like, “The dramatic contrast between those who responded in favor of women’s suffrage and those who fought against it revealed a fundamental rift in American society centered on the role of women—whether women were ‘naturally’ meant to be socially and civilly subordinate to a place like to visit essay men, or whether they were in fact equals.” This is a “super” thesis because it gets into corporate paper, the specifics of the relationship between historical factors and shows the broader picture —that is, what responses to a place to visit essay women’s suffrage revealed about the role of women in the United States overall.
It goes beyond just analyzing the specific issues to a “so what”? It doesn’t just take a position about translate, history, it tells the reader why they should care . In this case, our super thesis tells us that the reader should care about describe like, women’s suffrage because the translate essays, issue reveals a fundamental conflict in America over the position of women in society. A Place You Would Like Essay. Part B: Document Analysis - 2 Points. One point for using six or seven of the documents in your essay to support your argument. Easy-peasy!
However, make sure you aren’t just summarizing documents in a list, but are tying them back to the main points of your paragraphs. It's best to translate avoid writing things like, “Document A says X, and Document B says Y, and a place like essay, Document C says Z.” Instead, you might write something like, “The anonymous author of thesis time Document C expresses his support and admiration for the suffragettes but also expresses fear that giving women the right to vote will lead to essay conflict in the home, highlighting the common fear that women’s suffrage would lead to upheaval in thesis time women’s traditional role in society.” Any summarizing should be connected a point. You Would Like. Essentially, any explanation of research paper what a document says needs to be tied to a “so what?” If it’s not clear to you why what you are writing about a document is related to your main point, it’s not going to be clear to the AP grader. You can get an additional point here for doing further analysis on 4 of the you would like to visit essay, documents.
This further analysis could be in any of these 4 areas: Author’s point of view - Why does the author think the way that they do? What is their position in society and how does this influence what they are saying? Author’s purpose - Why is the author writing what they are writing? What are they trying to convince their audience of? Historical context - What broader historical facts are relevant to this document? Audience - Who is the finance research paper, intended audience for this document? Who is the author addressing or trying to convince? Be sure to a place you would tie any further analysis back to corporate research paper topics your main argument! And remember, you only have to do this for four documents for full credit, but it’s fine to do it for more if you can. So how do you practice document analysis? By analyzing documents!
Luckily for AP test takers everywhere, New York State has an exam called the you would like, Regents Exam that has its own DBQ section. Before they write the essay, however, New York students have to answer short answer questions about the documents. Answering Regents exam DBQ short-answer questions is good practice for argumentative essay in public, basic document analysis. Describe A Place You Would Like To Visit. While most of the thesis time, questions are pretty basic, it’s a good warm-up in terms of thinking more deeply about the describe you would like to visit, documents and how to use them. Essay. This set of Regent-style DBQs from the like, Teacher’s Project are mostly about US History, but the essay, practice could be good for describe to visit, other tests too. This prompt from the Morningside center also has some good document comprehensions questions about a US-History based prompt. Note: While the translate, document short-answer questions are useful for thinking about basic document analysis, I wouldn’t advise completing entire Regents exam DBQ essay prompts for practice, because the format and rubric are both somewhat different from the AP. Your AP history textbook may also have documents with questions that you can use to practice. Flip around in there! This otter is like essay, ready to swim in corporate finance the waters of the DBQ.
When you want to do a deeper dive on the documents, you can also pull out those old College Board DBQ prompts. Read the documents carefully. Write down everything that comes to your attention. Do further analysis—author’s point of you would like essay view, purpose, audience, and historical context—on all the documents for practice, even though you will only need to do additional analysis on four on test day. Of course, you might not be able to do all kinds of further analysis on things like maps and graphs, which is fine. You might also try thinking about how you would arrange those observations in on wisdom teeth an argument, or even try writing a practice outline! This exercise would combine your thesis and a place you would, document-analysis skills practice. When you’ve analyzed everything you can possibly think of for all the do my essay, documents, pull up the Scoring Guide for that prompt. It helpfully has an entire list of analysis points for each document. Consider what they identified that you missed.
Do you seem way off-base in your interpretation? If so, how did it happen? Part C: Using Evidence Beyond the Documents - 2 Points. Don’t be freaked out by describe a place you would like essay, the fact that this is two points! One point is argumentative on smoking in public, just for context - if you can locate the issue within its broader historical situation. You do need to write several sentences to a paragraph about it, but don’t stress; all you really need to know to describe a place to visit be able to get this point is essays, information about major historical trends over time, and you will need to know this anyways for the multiple choice section. If the question is about the Dust Bowl during the Great Depression, for example, be sure to include some of the general information you know about the Great Depression! Boom. Contextualized.
The other point is for you would to visit, naming a specific, relevant example in your essay that does not appear in the documents. Essay Teeth. To practice your outside information skills, pull up your College Board prompts! Read through the prompt and documents and then write down all of the you would, contextualizing facts and as many specific examples as you can think of. I advise timing yourself—maybe 5-10 minutes to read the documents and thesis time, prompt and describe you would, list your outside knowledge—to imitate the essays, time pressure of the DBQ. When you’ve exhausted your knowledge, make sure to describe you would fact-check your examples and your contextual information! You don’t want to use incorrect information on test day. If you can’t remember any examples or contextual information about that topic, look some up! This will help fill in corporate research topics holes in your knowledge. Describe You Would Essay. All you need to do for synthesis is relate your argument about this specific time period to a different time period, geographical area, historical movement, etc. It is i can't do my essay, probably easiest to a place do this in the conclusion of the essay.
If your essay is about the Great Depression, you might relate it to the Great Recession of 2007-2009. You do need to do more than just mention your synthesis connection. You need to make it meaningful. How are the two things you are comparing similar? What does one reveal about the teeth, other? Is there a key difference that highlights something important? To practice your synthesis skills—you guessed it—pull up your College Board prompts!
Read through the describe a place like, prompt and documents and then identify what historical connections you could make for your synthesis point. Scarlet Letter. Be sure to write a few words on why the connection is significant! A great way to make sure that your synthesis connection makes sense is to describe a place essay explain it to someone else. If you explain what you think the connection is and they get it, you’re probably on the right track. You can also look at sample responses and the scoring guide for the old prompts to see what other connections students and AP graders made. Scarlet Essay. That's a wrap on the rubric! Let's move on you would like to visit essay, to skill-building strategy. Don't let the DBQ turn you into a dissolving ghost-person, though. You’ve probably noticed that my advice on how to practice individual rubric skills is pretty similar: pull out a prompt and do a timed exercise focusing on just that skill.
However, there are only so many old College Board prompts in the universe (sadly). If you are working on several skills, I advise you to combine your practice exercises. What do I mean? Let’s say, for example, you are studying for US History and want to work on writing a thesis, bringing in outside information, and document analysis. Thesis Time. Set your timer for describe to visit essay, 15-20 minutes, pull up a prompt, and: Write 2-3 potential thesis statements in response to the prompt Write all the contextual historical information you can think of, and a few specific examples Write down analysis notes on all the translate, documents. Then, when you pull up the Scoring Guide, you can check how you are doing on all those skills at once! This will also help prime you for test day, when you will be having to combine all of the rubric skills in a timed environment. Describe A Place You Would Like To Visit Essay. That said, if you find it overwhelming to i can't do my english combine too many exercises at once when you are first starting out in your study process, that’s completely fine. You’ll need to put all the skills together eventually, but if you want to spend time working on them individually at first, that’s fine too.
So once you've established your baseline and prepped for days, what should you do? It's time to a place you would to visit essay take another practice DBQ to see how you've improved! I know you're tired, but you can do it! So, you established a baseline, identified the skills you need to work on, and practiced writing a thesis statement and scarlet hook, analyzing documents for hours. What now? Take another timed, practice DBQ from a prompt you haven’t seen before to check how you’ve improved. Recruit your same trusted advisor to grade your exam and give feedback. After, work on any skills that still need to be honed. Repeat this process as necessary, until you are consistently scoring your goal score. Then you just need to make sure you maintain your skills until test day by doing an occasional practice DBQ.
Eventually, test day will come—read on for my DBQ-test-taking tips. How Can I Succeed On DBQ Test Day? Once you’ve prepped your brains out, you still have to take the test! I know, I know. But I’ve got some advice on how to make sure all of essay your hard work pays off on test day—both some general tips and essay on wisdom, some specific advice on describe a place you would to visit, how to scarlet write a DBQ. Most of these are probably tips you’ve heard before, but they bear repeating: Get a good night’s sleep for the two nights preceding the exam.
This will keep your memory sharp! Eat a good breakfast (and lunch, if the exam is in the afternoon) before the exam with protein and you would like essay, whole grains. This will keep your blood sugar from crashing and making you tired during the thesis time, exam. Don’t study the night before the exam if you can help it. Instead, do something relaxing. You’ve been preparing, and you will have an easier time on exam day if you aren’t stressed from trying to cram the night before. This dude knows he needs to get a good night's rest! Below I’ve laid out how to describe a place essay use your time during the DBQ exam. I’ll provide tips on i can't do my english essay, reading the question and docs, planning your essay, and writing!
Be sure to keep an describe like, eye on the clock throughout so you can track your general progress. Reading the Question and on wisdom, the Documents: 5-6 min. First thing’s first: r ead the question carefully , two or even three times. You may want to circle the task words (“analyze,” “describe,” “evaluate,” “compare”) to a place you would like make sure they stand out. You could also quickly jot down some contextual information you already know before moving on essay teeth, to the documents, but if you can’t remember any right then, move on describe like to visit, to the docs and let them jog your memory. Essay Teeth. It’s fine to have a general idea of a thesis after you read the describe you would like, question, but if you don’t, move on to the docs and let them guide you in translate the right direction. Next, move on a place to visit, to the documents. Mark them as you read—circle things that seem important, jot thoughts and notes in the margins. After you’ve passed over argumentative on smoking in public, the documents once, you should choose the four documents you are going to analyze more deeply and read them again.
You probably won’t be analyzing the you would like essay, author’s purpose for sources like maps and charts. Good choices are documents in which the author’s social or political position and stake in corporate finance paper the issue at hand are clear. Get ready to go down the document rabbit hole. To Visit Essay. Once you’ve read the question and teeth, you have preliminary notes on a place to visit essay, the documents, it’s time to start working on a thesis. Corporate Finance. If you still aren’t sure what to to visit essay talk about, spend a minute or so brainstorming. Write down themes and concepts that seem important and create a thesis from those.
Remember, your thesis needs to letter answer the question and make a claim! When you’ve got a thesis, it’s time to work on describe to visit essay, an outline . Once you’ve got some appropriate topics for translate essays, your body paragraphs, use your notes on the documents to populate your outline. Describe A Place You Would Like. Which documents support which ideas? You don’t need to use every little thought you had about the document when you read it, but you should be sure to use every document. Here's three things to make sure of: Make sure your outline notes where you are going to include your contextual information (often placed in in public the first body paragraph, but this is a place you would to visit essay, up to you), your specific example (likely in one of the body paragraphs), and your synthesis (the conclusion is a good place for this). Make sure you’ve also integrated the four documents you are going to further analyze and how to analyze them. Essay. Make sure you use all the documents! I can’t stress this enough. A Place You Would Like Essay. Take a quick pass over your outline and do my english essay, the docs and make sure all of the docs appear in a place you would like essay your outline. Do My English Essay. If you go over the planning time a couple of minutes, it’s not the end of the world.
This probably just means you have a really thorough outline! But be ready to write pretty fast. Describe To Visit Essay. Writing the Essay - 40 min. If you have a good outline, the on smoking, hard part is out of the way! You just need to a place like essay make sure you get all of research paper topics your great ideas down in the test booklet.
Don’t get too bogged down in writing a super-exciting introduction. You won’t get points for a place you would like essay, it, so trying to be fancy will just waste time. Spend maybe one or two sentences introducing the issue, then get right to essay your thesis. For your body paragraphs, make sure your topic sentences clearly state the point of the describe a place to visit, paragraph . Then you can get right into your evidence and your document analysis. As you write, make sure to keep an eye on the time. Thesis Time. You want to be a little more than halfway through at the 20-minute mark of the describe you would like essay, writing period, so you have a couple minutes to go back and edit your essay at the end. Keep in mind that it’s more important to clearly lay out your argument than to use flowery language. Sentences that are shorter and to essay the point are completely fine. If you are short on a place, time, the conclusion is the least important part of corporate finance topics your essay . Even just one sentence to wrap things up is describe a place you would like essay, fine just so long as you’ve hit all the points you need to (i.e. Argumentative On Smoking In Public. don’t skip your conclusion if you still need to put in your synthesis example). When you are done, make one last past through your essay. Make sure you included everything that was in your outline and hit all the describe to visit essay, rubric skills!
Then take a deep breath and pat yourself on the back. You did it!! Have a cupcake to celebrate. I realize I've bombarded you with information, so here are the key points to take away: Remember the in public, drill for prep: establish a baseline, build skills, take another practice DBQ, repeat skill-building as necessary. Make sure that you know the rubric inside and describe you would like, out so you will remember to hit all the necessary points on test day! It’s easy to lose points just for forgetting something like your synthesis point.
On test day, keep yourself on thesis time, track time-wise ! This may seem like a lot, but you can learn how to ace your DBQ! With a combination of preparation and good test-taking strategy, you will get the score you’re aiming for. You Would Like To Visit Essay. The more you practice, the more natural it will seem, until every DBQ is a breeze. If you want more information about the hook, DBQ, see my introductory guide to the DBQ. Haven't registered for the test yet? See our article for help registering for AP exams.
For more on describe a place you would like to visit, studying for the AP US History exam, check out the best AP US History notes to study with. Studying for World History? See these AP World History study tips from one of our experts. Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points? We've written a guide for each test about the argumentative essay, top 5 strategies you must be using to describe you would like to visit essay have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Ellen has extensive education mentorship experience and is deeply committed to i can't do my english helping students succeed in a place you would to visit all areas of life. She received a BA from Harvard in translate Folklore and Mythology and is currently pursuing graduate studies at Columbia University.
You should definitely follow us on describe to visit essay, social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on argumentative in public, your feed. Follow us on all 3 of describe you would like to visit essay our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics? Ask below and we'll reply! Series: How to Get 800 on translate, Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get to 600 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get 36 on describe a place to visit, Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in a variety of other topics! Looking for Graduate School Test Prep? Check out our top-rated graduate blogs here: Get the latest articles and test prep tips! © PrepScholar 2013-2015.
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essay on to visit iran Tehran's iconic Azadi tower. A new president may take his country in a new direction. Suzanne Maloney is an expert on essay on smoking Iranian politics, energy and economic reform in the Middle East, and describe like essay U.S. policy toward the region. Prior to her position as a senior fellow with the do my essay, Saban Center for Middle East Policy at Brookings, she was a member of the State Department’s policy planning staff; a Middle East advisor at ExxonMobil Corporation; and director of a Council on Foreign Relations task force on America’s Iran policy. Author of Iran’s Long Reach and contributor to such works as Which Path to Persia? Options for a New American Strategy toward Iran , she is also founder and editor of Iran@Saban, an insightful blog about politics in and policy concerning Iran.
The sycamore trees that line the northern stretches of Vali Asr Avenue in Tehran arch overhead like a canopy. In the winter, their snowy branches frame a view of the Alborz Mountains where Tehranis escape to hike or ski. On a summer day, the leaves filter the sun and smog in the affluent northern neighborhoods, and you can watch the temperature rise by ten degrees as you inch your way southward in the city's infamous traffic toward the heart of old Tehran. Vali Asr is describe a place to visit essay said to be the longest street in the Middle East; and sometimes it feels like the essay on wisdom, only straight path in a nation whose course has been highly unpredictable and intensely complicated ever since the 1979 revolution which ousted the secular, pro-American shah and installed a theocracy led by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. It was on Vali Asr, 18 years later, that young Iranians erupted in joy in the largest spontaneous public demonstrations the describe like to visit essay, capital had seen since the revolution.
The immediate cause for celebration in 1997 was the national team's World Cup qualification, but for corporate finance research paper many it was a belated response to describe a place, the recent election of a president who promised reform. Mohammad Khatami's victory represented a moment when the translate, country appeared on the cusp of change again. His promises went largely unfulfilled, however, doomed by the intractability of the defenders of Iran's religious orthodoxy—among them the supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. Hassan Rouhani is the seventh president of the Islamic Republic of Iran, having assumed that office in August 2013. Born Hassan Fereidoun in 1948 in northern Iran, he attended seminary in Qom and the University of Tehran, and later earned a doctorate from Glasgow Caledonian University in Scotland. Rouhani was active in a place you would like, Iran's Islamic opposition from an early age and by the revolution was part of Ayatollah Khomeini's inner circle. Hook. He served five terms in parliament and in other senior leadership positions throughout his career, and led Iran's nuclear negotiations until 2005. His presidential candidacy received the support of describe you would to visit essay former presidents Khatami and Rafsanjani.
Yet, on the eve of another election in 2009, Iranians returned to Vali Asr in another powerful display of the will of the people. Tens of thousands of Iranians linked arms in a human chain that stretched the full 12 miles of essays Vali Asr to express their support of reformist candidate Mir-Hossein Mousavi. Less than a week later, however, huge crowds gathered there again, this time to describe a place you would like to visit essay, denounce the essay hook, apparently rigged victory of the incumbent, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, a man infamous for his bigotry and provocative policies. A Place You Would Like To Visit. The protestors' initial chants of where is my vote? met with police batons and bullets. The violence that ended the hook, demonstrations, and the show trials and describe you would like to visit other Stalinist tactics that followed, suggested that the theocracy no longer saw the need for even the fig leaf of argumentative essay on smoking semi-orchestrated elections, and instead had devolved to a more naked authoritarianism. With the rapid smashing of the opposition, Iran became more of a pariah state than ever, its streets gone silent. This episode appeared to a place you would like essay, extinguish the Islamic Republic's copious capacity for reinvention. Finance Research Paper. But something happened along the a place you would to visit essay, way to the latest election, in thesis time, June 2013: Iran's political narrative once again defied expectations. A brief and like to visit essay unprecedentedly outspoken campaign gave voice to criticisms of the letter essay, regime that might once have landed some of the candidates in a place like to visit, jail. In the end, it was the candidate who appealed most forcefully for i can't do my a new path who won the presidency, with a resounding majority. In the aftermath of the vote, throngs of describe like essay Iranians once again poured onto Vali Asr for spur-of-the-moment street parties.
They celebrated not so much the victor, veteran cleric turned politician Hassan Rouhani, but the possibility that his election signified a pivot away from the regime's disastrous course of recent years. Even if this proves true—even if Tehran is stepping back from the brink of its ruinous battle with much of the rest of the world—there is argumentative no guarantee that Rouhani's election will put an end to the uncertainty that has enveloped Iranian politics for more than three decades, or lessen the antagonism between the Iranian leadership and the West. You Would Essay. Rouhani campaigned on a slogan of hope and prudence, two commodities that have been in short supply since the 1979 revolution. Delivering on that promise may prove the toughest course the Islamic Republic has yet had to hook, navigate. Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, shah of Iran, reviews dignitaries in the great hall of Golestan Palace during celebrations of the 25th anniversary of his reign, in 1965.
Jack Garofalo/Paris Match via Getty Images. Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, shah of Iran, reviews dignitaries in the great hall of Golestan Palace during celebrations of the 25th anniversary of his reign, in 1965. Jack Garofalo/Paris Match via Getty Images. From the Reign of the Shahs to an Enduring Revolution. Vali Asr was constructed after Persia's crumbling Qajar dynasty gave way in describe a place you would like essay, 1925 to an army-installed monarchy. Its original name, Pahlavi Avenue, honored the new self-proclaimed shah , or king, Reza Shah Pahlavi, who commissioned it. The broad boulevard became the central thoroughfare in thesis time, Iran's capital, linking the royal palaces and state institutions with the train station that was the anchor of the shah's industrialization effort. Over the next half-century, the country was transformed, both by you would essay the rapid modernization program, and by thesis time the regime's official embrace of the West. Much of this transformation came under the reign of the second Pahlavi shah, Mohammad Reza, who was heir to his father's ambitions but not his leadership skills. His initial years at the helm of the to visit, state proved rocky. In 1953, the shah briefly abandoned his throne in a showdown with rivals who campaigned to nationalize Iran's oil industry.
The leader of this movement, Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh, was ousted in a coup orchestrated by i can't do my english Washington and London, after which the monarchy was reinstated and reinforced. But for like many Iranians, Mossadegh remains a national icon, and resentment over the role played by foreign powers in scarlet, removing an elected Iranian leader persists to this day. Mohammad Reza Shah eventually found his footing, thanks in part to increasing American support. Washington appreciated the value of a reliable, energy-rich ally as a bulwark against Soviet expansion into the Middle East, and the shah hungered for validation and influence. Describe You Would. But American-Iranian relations were tempestuous from the start—a peculiar stew of admiration and resentment on both sides.
Throughout the 1960s and '70s, however, it was a relationship that seemed to serve both countries exceptionally well. Iran in this era became a swaggering state, a country of boundless opportunity. While courting superpowers both east and thesis time west, Tehran helped to orchestrate the a place you would like essay, historic transformation of the global oil industry, which transferred control—and profits—of the letter essay hook, world's energy resources to the states that owned them. Fuelled by grandiose ambitions and revulsion toward traditionalism, the shah channeled his vast oil profits into a mad dash for modernity. Along the way, Iran made much progress. Most important—and often overlooked in the post-revolutionary demonization of the monarchy—millions of Iranians achieved a middle-class existence. The country became an international hotspot: Western bankers jostled for describe a place like to visit Iranian petrodollars; Harvard Business School opened a campus; tourists from around the world flocked to see the ruins of ancient Persia; diplomats clamored for a Tehran posting. But amid this rapid development, something was lost. Iranian society was in in public, flux: its economy was simultaneously expanding and a place like essay imploding, its religion and customs were under siege, its traditional channels of influence eroding under the pressure of translate a state determined to describe a place to visit essay, assert its dominance. Intellectuals wrote dark parables about a nation so intoxicated with the West that it had lost its identity.
Even as the shah was pouring money into letter essay his notion of an ideal society, pockets of opposition were developing. Eventually, Pahlavi Avenue and a place you would like to visit Tehran's city center became the thesis time, locus of another mode of describe you would to visit change, this time driven from the streets of Iran rather than from its palaces. Over the essay hook, course of 1978, protestors gathered here in a place to visit, ever-expanding numbers to vent their frustrations with a political system in which power was concentrated in the hands of a single man. The upheaval on the streets culminated the following year in the shah’s ouster at the hands of an corporate topics inchoate coalition of leftists, liberals and Shi’a Muslim clerics. Among the protestors there was little consensus on what ought to replace the monarchy, but they coalesced around Ruhollah Khomeini, a revered ayatollah who had been exiled in 1964 for protesting the shah’s reforms.
The shah was dumbfounded that his subjects would spurn his magnificent achievements. “The nation I had led to the threshold of a place progress, power, and self-confidence lay torn and bleeding,” he wrote in do my essay, his memoirs, while he himself had been supplanted by a “worn, fanatic old man [who] was repeatedly telling the Iranian people how mean, miserable, and describe a place poverty-stricken they were”—a man who represented the very forces of traditionalism he had sought to eliminate. The shah's disbelief was echoed by much of the rest of the world. Religious radicalism is painfully familiar today; in 1979, however, Iran's upheaval scuttled the long-held assumption that economic development led inexorably to secularization and liberalization. The fall of argumentative in public Iran's monarchy proved to be the first of what would be numerous salvos in a worldwide, multi-generational struggle over the rightful role of Islam in political life. Immediately after the revolution, Iran's new leaders began re-casting the country to suit their aspirations. Even the street names were not safe. Describe Like. The capital of an Islamic Republic could not host a Roosevelt Avenue or other streets with names lionizing Western allies. I Can't English Essay. And certainly its main drag could not pay tribute to the reviled monarch who had just been overthrown.
Pahlavi Avenue was renamed multiple times, consistent with the shifting fortunes in the skirmish for post-revolutionary authority. The revolutionaries finally settled on Vali Asr, a tribute to the 12th Imam, who disappeared in the ninth century and whose return is awaited as a signal of world salvation. Describe. For Shi'a Muslims, the phrase Vali Asr symbolizes hope in a just future; for Iranians, the argumentative essay on smoking, revolution has brought anything but. The revolutionary state jettisoned many other vestiges of a place you would like to visit monarchical Iran. Corporate Topics. Gone were the bars and the discos, the Western tourists and businessmen, the short skirts and bikinis, and any other hints of secularism. Hijab , or modest Islamic dress, quickly went from fashion statement to fiercely-enforced legal requirement. Anti-American protests, which culminated in a place like to visit, the November 1979 seizure of the U.S. Embassy and in public the 14-month hostage crisis, eviscerated all traces of the describe like, pre-revolutionary romance with the West. Dramatic as these changes were, perhaps the most amazing aspect of Iran's post-revolutionary order has been its sheer endurance.
The Islamic Republic has survived every calamity short of the plague: an invasion and a brutish war; internal insurgencies; the thesis time, death of its charismatic founder; catastrophes both natural and man-made; and recently an describe a place you would like essay almost wholesale amputation from the international financial system thanks to economic sanctions. Yet somehow the Islamic Republic is thesis time still standing. In Tehran, supporters of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini hold his poster aloft in a January 1979 demonstration against the shah. In Tehran, supporters of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini hold his poster aloft in describe like to visit, a January 1979 demonstration against the shah. A Ceremonial Presidency Evolves in the Islamic Republic. Out of the argumentative on smoking in public, revolutionary chaos, a new system of government evolved. A hastily-organized referendum endorsed the vague notion of an Islamic Republic. In the contentious debate over a new constitution, Ayatollah Khomeini and his partisans pressed to accord ultimate power to an unelected supreme leader, a post assumed—naturally—by Khomeini himself. Endowing the describe like, head of government with a divine mandate upended centuries of thesis time Shi'a theology and unnerved many of Iran's senior clerics. But the imam's thundering insistence overrode every objection. Presidents of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
These transformations might suggest that the describe like to visit, revolution changed everything about Iran, but it left much intact as well, including Iran's century-old parliament, an assortment of other elective offices, and a constitution that bears some resemblance to one developed during a proto-democratic uprising 60 years earlier. Many of the monarchy's policies and organizations were simply repurposed with an Islamic bent. The tensions and contradictions that characterize the Islamic Republic today reflect the essay on wisdom teeth, uneasy bargain negotiated among the disparate interests that joined forces to oust the shah. It seems fitting that the presidency provoked real debate among the a place like essay, framers of the new system from the start. During the years that followed, as the letter, regime's partisans jostled for power, this office would serve, variously, as the center of gravity for Iran's democratic aspirations, as a tangible symbol of the describe you would like essay, revolution's republican intentions and, for the revolutionary elites, as an advantageous perch for influence peddling.
However, during the first decade after the revolution, the presidency remained largely ceremonial. Policy was shaped primarily by Khomeini, along with the parliament and the prime minister. Iran's dominant political and religious authority is the supreme leader, a position designed by the revolution's driving force, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. Thesis Time. Following Khomeini's 1989 death, mid-ranking cleric Ali Khamenei was selected to succeed him after serving two terms as president. Like other Iranian leaders, Khamenei was trained in describe a place you would to visit essay, seminaries and scarlet actively opposed the shah. He was wounded in a 1981 terrorist attack that cost the use of his right arm. As supreme leader, he has steadily expanded the authority of the office. He endorsed Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's disputed re-election of describe a place you would essay 2009, describing the on smoking, opposition as seditionists and influenced by Western conspiracies. Early occupants of the presidency proved unlucky: Iran's first post-revolutionary president broke with the regime and had to flee for a place like to visit his life; his replacement was killed in a terrorist attack. On the third try, in August 1981, Iranians elected mid-ranking cleric Ali Khamenei as president.
The position would serve him far better than his predecessors, eventually launching him into thesis time the exalted status of describe to visit supreme leader, successor to Khomeini. Khamenei's two terms as president coincided with a desperate time for the fledgling theocracy, when the country was consumed by the sacred defense it was forced to essays, mount to fend off the September 1980 invasion by Saddam Hussein's Iraq. The war presented Tehran with an existential crisis, exacerbated by the country's isolation and by the turmoil and purges that had devastated the military establishment. For all its hazards, however, the conflict had an upside for a place you would like to visit Khomeini. An economy disrupted by revolution experienced a short-term boost thanks to the demands of scarlet letter essay wartime production, and describe a place like to visit essay Iranians rallied around a regime that for many bore little resemblance to their revolutionary aspirations.
Amid the sufferings of war, the new state's authority was strengthened, the achievements of the i can't do my essay, revolution consolidated. And when Iraq's invasion was successfully repulsed, the describe you would to visit, ayatollahs went on the offensive. Spurning a 1982 ceasefire proposal that promised billions in reparations from the Gulf states, Khomeini continued the conflict for six more years in an increasingly futile effort to topple Saddam. Millions of Iranians were killed, wounded or displaced; key ports were destroyed; vital oil export routes and facilities were disrupted; and the economy and the war effort were severely constrained by sanctions. Jean-Claude Delmas/AFP/Getty Images. Brookings Senior Fellow Bruce Riedel calls the Iran-Iraq War devastating. Khomeini finally conceded the essay on wisdom teeth, war's failure in describe a place like essay, 1988. The decision to accept a cease-fire with Saddam, which he famously compared to argumentative, drinking from a poisoned chalice, contravened his frequent invocations of victory at any cost, and came over the objections of his own commanders as well as many of the regime's radicals. But Iran had little alternative: challenges from the opposition and on you would like to visit the streets were mounting; its economy was near collapse; and Tehran lacked the money or materials necessary to achieve a decisive military victory. For many, however, the wounds of the conflict remain raw, and bitterness over i can't international indifference toward Tehran's suffering and complicity in describe a place to visit, Saddam's crimes still rankles.
The politician tapped to bring the war to a satisfactory conclusion was Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, then-speaker of the parliament and a cleric who was especially close to argumentative essay on smoking in public, Khomeini. A Place You Would Like Essay. Rafsanjani was made acting commander-in-chief in mid-1988, and he ended the war expeditiously and without remorse. Then, when Khomeini died in 1989, Rafsanjani played a central role in boosting his revolutionary comrade Khamenei into the post of supreme leader, while he himself moved seamlessly into the newly expanded presidency. Ayatollah Rafsanjani has been one of the key figures in Iran for the past half century. He studied theology in Qom where he became a follower of essay on wisdom Ayatollah Khomeini and was a member of Iran's Revolutionary Council. He has served as speaker of the describe a place you would, Majlis, Iran's parliament; commander-in-chief of the armed forces during the thesis time, final months of the Iraq war; president for two terms; and chairman of the Expediency Council, a powerful state institution.
During and after his presidential terms, he was considered a centrist with pragmatic tendencies. Describe A Place To Visit. Although disqualified from teeth, running in the 2013 presidential election, he backed the eventual winner, Hassan Rouhani. BBC News has called him the richest man in a place like to visit essay, Iran. Rafsanjani's presidency proved decisive for Iran. He came into office determined to enact an ambitious reconstruction program, and his efforts to undertake an economic and scarlet hook diplomatic rehabilitation of his country were hard-fought, if not wholly successful. But his policies sparked waves of a place like to visit essay resistance—first, from a liberalizing reform movement and then, in translate, counter-reaction, from you would like to visit, a new generation of hardliners. Both movements imploded of thesis time their own volition, leaving in to visit essay, their wake a country ripe for Rafsanjani-style moderation and pragmatism—which in turn would later lead to a strange kind of finance research paper comeback for the Islamic Republic's most storied politician. Supporters of nuclear negotiator and presidential candidate Saeed Jalili display his campaign posters next to a banner honoring Ayatollah Khomeini inside Tehran's Heydarnia Stadium for a campaign rally.
Supporters of nuclear negotiator and presidential candidate Saeed Jalili display his campaign posters next to a banner honoring Ayatollah Khomeini inside Tehran's Heydarnia Stadium for a campaign rally. The 2013 Presidential Election: 686 Applicants, Only Eight Contenders. In 2013, nearly a quarter century after Rafsanjani's first election to the presidency—literally a lifetime in a country where two-thirds of the population is below the age of 30—the possibility of his return to the office loomed large as the latest ballot approached. He had already served two terms, from 1989 to describe a place like to visit essay, 1997, and had sought a third in 2005, in letter essay hook, a tight race against Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, then mayor of Tehran. He lost that contest in a run-off, a defeat that stung the establishment and catapulted the little-known Ahmadinejad into the limelight. Ahmadinejad's presidency reversed the trajectory of Iran's post-war path of moderation, and put the revolution back on a collision course with the international community. This time around, after months of public vacillation, Rafsanjani arrived to a place to visit, register his candidacy at essay, the last possible moment, creating a perfectly orchestrated election surprise. His dramatic bid captivated an Iranian political establishment that had been in a state of suspended animation for four years, ever since the massive street protests that erupted after Ahmadinejad's dubious 2009 reelection. Describe A Place Like To Visit. Not that Rafsanjani's candidacy was universally welcomed. Over the years, the disappointments of his tenure and his reputation for opportunism and thesis time corruption had eroded public support, perhaps accounting for the failure of his last two campaigns (a 2000 bid for the parliament as well as the 2005 presidential race).
But he remains a heavyweight. Describe A Place You Would To Visit Essay. And after the havoc wrought by Ahmadinejad, the prospective candidacy of a politician still considered a man of action and thesis time substance buoyed hopes for a better future. Iranian elections adhere to an idiosyncratic set of procedures. While anyone can toss a hat into the ring, a clerical oversight body—the Council of Guardians—determines who is permitted to run. You Would Like To Visit. The eligibility criteria are vague enough to paper, enable the regime to cull all but a few hand-picked insiders. In a bizarre turn of events, the Guardians rejected Rafsanjani's bid for another go at describe a place to visit essay, the office he had held for eight years. Essay. However absurd the Islamic Republic's vetting process has been in the past—and more than two dozen elections over like the course of 34 years have provided abundant fodder for ridicule—the ruling that one of the regime's founders was unfit to run for the presidency carried the corporate finance research topics, farce to a new level.
Rafsanjani's failed bid remains one of the more curious factors in an astonishing election. Perhaps it was simply textbook political theater from the regime's most skilled showman, his snubbing meant to reinforce the need for describe a return to realism, thus improving the prospects for the candidate closest to his own views and experience—Hassan Rouhani. The sixth president of Iran, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad earned a reputation as an unpredictable hardliner who reversed the liberalization promoted by his predecessor, reformist Mohammed Khatami. Prior to his 2005 election, Ahmadinejad served as mayor of Tehran and a provincial governor. His comments denying the Holocaust and raising doubts about al Qaeda's role in argumentative essay in public, the 9/11 attacks, plus his contested 2009 re-election victory, created fierce opposition at home and abroad.
After his presidency, Ayatollah Khamenei appointed him to the Expediency Council, where he now serves alongside such notables as Hashemi Rafsanjani, Hassan Rouhani, Ali Akbar Velayati and Mohammed Reza Aref. As Rafsanjani's understudy, Rouhani is a quintessential creation of Iran's post-revolutionary order. He trained in the seminary and, like many young Iranian clerics in the 1960s, became active in the opposition to the shah, which led to repeated arrests. A Place You Would Like. Having become part of Khomeini's inner circle during the ayatollah's final months in exile, he has held influential positions throughout the post-revolutionary period. But it was his role as a nuclear negotiator, an extension of translate essays his 16-year tenure as the secretary of Iran's Supreme National Security Council, that hurtled Rouhani into the eye of the hurricane, and describe you would to visit brought him to the attention of the letter essay, world, which had hitherto taken little notice of him.
Representing Iran in talks with Europe from 2003 to 2005—an effort by the Iranian regime to stave off reprisals over its just-disclosed nuclear program—Rouhani helped hammer out an agreement that suspended Iran's most worrisome nuclear activities. To date it remains Iran's most significant concession on the nuclear issue, and it earned Rouhani the nickname the sheikh of diplomacy for his role in defusing a mounting clash with the West. Yet as the sense of threat receded, and few of the incentives promised by European negotiators for Iranian cooperation materialized, Tehran quickly soured on the deal. A Place. Having only warily endorsed the on wisdom, 2003 suspension, Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei quashed it less than two years later, resuming the nuclear program and championing defiance in tune with Iran's new president, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. Describe A Place Like To Visit Essay. Rouhani resigned his responsibility for the nuclear portfolio, and emerged as the whipping boy for Iran's ascendant hardliners. In their eyes, Rouhani's diplomacy represented a surrender to argumentative essay in public, the rapacious West, exchanging diamonds for peanuts, conceding Iran's resources and its influence as irresponsibly as the monarchy had. While Rouhani remained a senior functionary in the Iranian system during the Ahmadinejad presidency, he was mostly sidelined to a government think tank. From there, he inveighed in surprisingly frank tones against Ahmadinejad's ideologically-driven excesses. Sometimes he even appeared to be serving as an informal spokesman for Iran's embattled realists, most of whom had been shunted aside in the wake of Ahmadinejad's giddy arrival on the scene. During this period he also wrote one of the only truly interesting memoirs of recent Iranian political history, divulging new details about the describe a place to visit, nuclear program, sharing insider gossip and dispensing the blunt truths that are his hallmark. Rouhani held a strange sinecure on the fringes of official respectability and relevance in hook, these years, publicly excoriated by Khamenei for the nuclear negotiations he had led, yet somehow retaining his close bond with the supreme leader.
So it was perhaps not surprising that out of describe you would to visit 686 applicants, Rouhani was one of the eight candidates —all of them men of the system, and translate essays most of an unabashedly conservative bent— to receive the nod from the Council of Guardians. The slate elicited little excitement and, after the short-lived commotion over Rafsanjani, many observers anticipated an anodyne campaign, a display of mindless deference to the regime's ideological strictures. Expectations reverted to what had become the you would like to visit, conventional wisdom ever since Ahmadinejad's contested reelection: that Khamenei preferred, indeed required, an unquestioning acolyte in the presidency. Translate Essays. This would explain his elevation and assiduous defense of Ahmadinejad, his endorsement of the 2009 electoral fraud, and the earlier backlash against the reformist Khatami. Behrouz Mehri/AFP/Getty Images. Like so many widely held perceptions of Iran, however, the describe to visit, assumption that Ahmadinejad had ever been merely a pliant errand boy for Iran's hardliners misses the essay, mark. Describe A Place Like Essay. That may have been the intention, but Ahmadinejad eclipsed these expectations and the presidency's limited powers, overturning the i can't do my, revolutionary state's protocols and alarming the establishment. Describe A Place You Would Like Essay. Late in translate, his second term, after he had overstepped one time too often by attempting to fire the intelligence minister over the supreme leader's objections, Khamenei reined him in—which only reinforced presumptions that the supreme leader would not make the same mistake again. This time he would anoint a trusted subordinate who would pose no challenge to his own primacy. Khamenei's public protestations that he had no favored candidate elicited practically audible derision. Describe A Place To Visit. Everything he had said in the run-up to the race spoke volumes to the contrary.
The supreme leader framed the parameters governing the election in unambiguous fashion: the ballot must be a pro-regime epic; candidates must avoid any hint of concessions to essay in public, [Iran's] enemies; and any repeat of the essay, mass unrest that erupted four years earlier would not be tolerated. Given these criteria, Iran's incumbent nuclear negotiator Saeed Jalili seemed spot-on for translate essays consecration. His piety was well-established, he had spent several years working in Khamenei's office, and since 2007 he had led Iran's nuclear negotiations, where he had transformed obfuscation into an art form, stonewalling his adversaries as he defended Tehran's determination to retain its nuclear prerogatives. His service in the war against Iraq, in which he had lost his right leg, only underscored the depth of his commitment to the Islamic Republic. Jalili's main competition looked to come from another next-generation conservative, Tehran mayor Mohammad Baqer Qalibaf. A Place You Would Like. A precocious hero in the Iran-Iraq war, Qalibaf had two main assets in the race.
First, he had impeccable credentials on Khamenei's highest priority: regime stability. In 1999, Qalibaf signed an unprecedented letter by senior military commanders publicly rebuking then-President Khatami over his handling of student protests; Qalibaf even boasted of his own role in english essay, cracking skulls during the quashing of describe a place to visit essay those demonstrations. Second, his position as mayor of Tehran bestowed upon corporate finance topics him a built-in popular base and a reputation for results on quality-of-life issues. The other candidates represented an like array of interest groups and political tendencies. Argumentative In Public. That their number included a representative of you would to visit essay Iran's beleaguered reformist front, respected technocrat Mohammad Reza Aref, seemed a small but hopeful sign. Corporate Paper Topics. The inclusion of a credible reformist candidate signaled the rehabilitation of the faction, as well as an acknowledgment that the wholesale domination of Iran's conservatives and hardliners has been neither successful nor sustainable. Ahmadinejad played an outsized if unintentional role in advancing this realization.
Outside Iran, the former president is best known for describe a place to visit his Holocaust denial and anti-Israeli invective, his unsettling messianism and his wild-eyed ruminations. Within Iran's establishment, such rhetoric was not necessarily unwelcome. But his proclivity for chaos and crisis was, and it alienated even the essays, hardliners who had backed him. Thanks to skyrocketing oil prices, Ahmadinejad had assumed office during a period of unprecedented prosperity in Iran. Like To Visit Essay. Yet the economy cratered under his volatile stewardship, and argumentative essay on smoking in public many of the modest improvements in the social and describe political atmosphere effected during the Khatami presidency were also undone. The fallout from his reckless rhetoric and policies, particularly as it affected people's pocketbooks, cost him much of his initial public support and made him persona non grata within the establishment. Corporate Finance. For that reason, the campaign to a place, succeed Ahmadinejad was characterized by an almost palpable determination to repudiate him. Iran's 2013 presidential candidates pose for a group picture after a live debate in Tehran on state television, one week prior to the election. (L to i can't english, R): Gholam-Ali Haddad-Adel; Saeed Jalili; Hassan Rouhani; Mohammad Baqer Qalibaf; Mohsen Rezaei; Mohammad Reza Aref; Ali Akbar Velayati; Mohammad Gharazi; and anchor Morteza Heidari. Mehdi Dehghan/AFP/Getty Images. Iran's 2013 presidential candidates pose for a group picture after a live debate in Tehran on state television, one week prior to the election. (L to R): Gholam-Ali Haddad-Adel; Saeed Jalili; Hassan Rouhani; Mohammad Baqer Qalibaf; Mohsen Rezaei; Mohammad Reza Aref; Ali Akbar Velayati; Mohammad Gharazi; and anchor Morteza Heidari. Mehdi Dehghan/AFP/Getty Images.
An Inconceivable Twist in the Presidential Campaign. A funny thing happened on describe to visit the way to the conservative cakewalk in essays, Iran: a supposed sleeper of a presidential campaign got interesting. Rouhani himself had much to do with sending the anticipated narrative off the describe a place you would like to visit, rails. Research. This was a surprise. By virtue of his long-standing association with the regime, he was expected to toe the official line. Yet Rouhani's every move along Iran's short campaign trail seemed calculated to like to visit, shake things up. Atta Kenare/AFP/Getty Images.
It is difficult to pinpoint precisely when it became clear that Rouhani did not intend to run a cautious campaign. Was it his appeal for the release of political prisoners, including detained reformist leaders Mir-Hossein Mousavi and Mehdi Karroubi, which he made even before his candidacy was approved? Was it his adoption of the symbol of a big key that would unlock big problems for Iran? Or was it his decision to color-code his campaign with purple, a tactic that seemed perilously reminiscent of the green wave of support for Mousavi that the regime had rolled back with such force in the previous election? It might have been an appearance on state television when Rouhani upbraided an interviewer for misrepresenting his record on the nuclear issue and do my english essay instructed him to re-read his memoir to get his facts right. He sparred just as aggressively with the Jalili campaign, whose staff included several members of the incumbent negotiating team. For Rouhani to have broached this discussion, knowing how obsessed the leadership is with retaining its nuclear infrastructure and presenting a united front to a place you would like, the world, was a particularly daring move. And dispensing with protocol and the state broadcasters, Rouhani released his campaign video straight to YouTube, where its emphasis on his close ties with Iran's leadership and do my english his own achievements alternated with poetic appeals for a new spring after a long, cold winter. One of the biggest surprises came 10 days before the ballot, when Rouhani travelled to Iran's historic capital of like to visit Isfahan to stump for votes. While there, he joined the essay teeth, mourning procession for a dissident cleric who had penned a public letter a decade earlier that condemned the regime for deviation, abuse and lawlessness and described its leadership as henchmen of describe a place you would like tyranny. Do My English. It did not seem to bother Rouhani that the a place you would to visit, chants of support for his campaign were interspersed with denunciations of Khamenei and the theocratic system.
Amazingly, no formal recriminations against corporate research, the candidate were issued afterward. In the end, however, while Rouhani's boundary-bashing may have set the stage, it was a televised debate among all the candidates that really broke the presidential race wide open. The fact that the debates were held at all raised eyebrows. Ahmadinejad's deft and dangerous exploitation of the 2009 debates—when he wielded intelligence files on television as a prop to accuse his rivals of a place to visit corruption and nepotism—had sparked an uproar. Thesis Time. Many expected that the regime would simply dispense with debates. A Place To Visit Essay. Instead, state television organized three lengthy debates, culminating in a four-and-a-half hour foreign policy fisticuffs that laid bare Iran's deep strategic divide over nuclear diplomacy and teeth the regime's approach to describe a place you would essay, the world. Rouhani, who had mounted a pugnacious defense of his own nuclear record while on the campaign trail, stayed true to form during the debate, disparaging Jalili as an unsophisticated puritan whose only negotiating skill was verbosity. Translate. And his zinger—that Iran needs working factories as much as it needs spinning centrifuges—was considered catchy enough that his campaign tweeted a variation on it within moments of his having uttered it. However, the most powerful deviations from the official narrative were voiced not by Rouhani but by other conservatives.
Several questioned why Jalili, the presumptive front-runner, had not secured a deal in talks with the West, and challenged the sense of you would essay resistance on the nuclear issue if it came at do my, the cost of keeping Iran's population hungry. Ali Akbar Velayati, the long-time foreign minister who owes his entire career in politics to his close relationship to a place you would like to visit, Khamenei, delivered the on smoking, most devastating blows. He lectured Jalili on the difference between diplomacy and philosophy: diplomacy, he noted archly, is intended to obtain results and lessen sanctions. We can't expect everything and give nothing, Velayati scolded his younger nemesis, adding that Jalili's handling of the latest round of talks definitely shows that you do not really want to to visit, make any progress on essay the issue. The more conservative candidates fought back, with Qalibaf scorning Velayati for sipping coffee with the French president even as Baghdad strafed Iranian troops via fighter jets provided by Paris. For the hardliners, diplomacy is of dubious value in safeguarding Iran's revolution from international antagonism. Jalili took pains to underscore that he was merely implementing Khamenei's mandate at describe, the negotiating table, a defense eerily reminiscent of that previously offered by Rouhani himself.
In the in public, context of the describe like essay, election, however, Jalili's insistence that he was following orders only essay made the attacks on describe essay him seem that much more of a mutiny against the unpopular establishment. The debate was far more significant than simply another sharp-elbowed display by an elite known for its quarrelsomeness. On Wisdom. The suddenly candid discourse on such a sensitive subject betrays the Iranian establishment’s awareness of the you would essay, regime's increasing vulnerability. Nothing like this had ever happened before, and finance certainly not on live state television, with approximately two-thirds of the country watching. In Tehran’s public rhetoric, the like to visit, nuclear program represents the nation’s glory as well as its capacity to withstand the “bullying” of the West.
Any deviation from the official line is considered disloyal as well as dangerous, and unlike almost every other issue, where repression has failed to staunch freewheeling debate, the nuclear program had remained sacrosanct. Essay. So the airing of a frank, in-depth discussion of the nuclear issue one week before the vote seemed an inconceivable twist in a place to visit essay, the campaign. The nuclear debate served as the writing on the wall. It was an intervention, initiated by some of the regime's most stalwart supporters, intended to rescue the system by conceding its precariousness and appealing for pragmatism to rescue it. And it was an acknowledgement that the sanctions-induced miseries of the corporate finance research paper topics, Iranian public could no longer be assuaged with the nuclear pageantry of the Ahmadinejad era, or even the formerly reliable appeals to the system's unique blend of religion and nationalism. As the campaign entered its final week, the conventional wisdom about the inevitability of a conservative victory was obliterated, almost as if a spell had been broken. Two final developments sealed the election's outcome.
Working on the sidelines, Rafsanjani hammered out a painstaking truce with the reform faction, headed by to visit essay former president Khatami, which eased the departure of the only real reformist in the race, Mohammad Reza Aref. On Smoking In Public. This bargain represented a dramatic shift in describe a place you would like to visit essay, Iran's internal power struggles. After more than a decade of rivalry and, at times, bare-fisted animosity, the regime's liberalizing reformers aligned with its more conservative realists. The compact proved key to consolidating a wide swath of essay Iranian public opinion behind Rouhani. Meanwhile, despite similar machinations, the a place essay, conservatives failed to coalesce around a single candidate. Ill-suited to scarlet letter hook, the new environment of truth-telling on the nuclear issue, the campaigns of both Jalili and Qalibaf appeared to falter as the race drew to a close. To generate a conservative victory at this stage would have required blatant manipulation of the vote, a risk that the a place to visit, regime may not have been willing to take, particularly with many of its neighbors in an unprecedented state of upheaval. In the final days of the campaign, Vali Asr Avenue and other Iranian streets were plastered with flashy campaign paraphernalia, not just for the presidential contenders but also for the 300,000 candidates running for local positions.
A country whose democratic aspirations had been beaten back only four years before risked hoping again, and returned to the polls in blockbuster numbers. And this time Iranians opted to turn the big key. Rouhani took the presidency in the first ballot with an unexpectedly strong plurality. Essay On Wisdom. Tehranis, their expectations tempered by bitter experience, waited for the formal declaration, after a protracted and suspenseful night of vote-counting, before erupting into mass celebrations—once again on Vali Asr. Technicians work inside a uranium conversion facility in 2005 just outside the a place you would like to visit essay, city of Isfahan in central Iran. Technicians work inside a uranium conversion facility in 2005 just outside the city of Isfahan in central Iran. A Lack of Trust on the Nuclear Issue. Like so much about Iran, the election provokes divergent interpretations.
Did an ossifying regime accede to overwhelming public demand for essays more responsible leadership, or did the revolution's hard-nosed stalwarts orchestrate a shift in its center of gravity away from its bellicose extremes? The truth likely lies somewhere in the middle; in other words, the election was another untidy improvisation by a regime that is acutely aware of its own vulnerabilities and has made an art form of describe a place you would like to visit survival under the most inauspicious circumstances. How close is Iran to having nuclear weapons and thesis time what can America do about it? For a usual suspect, Iran's new president is an a place unusual character. Beyond his seminary studies, he also received a degree from Tehran University and pursued a doctorate in constitutional law at Glasgow Caledonian University, even as he climbed the ranks of the do my, bureaucracy in a theocracy that had little use for European credentials. When much of the you would, Iranian elite did little more than grumble about Ahmadinejad's provocative policies, Rouhani boldly denounced his recklessness and highlighted the translate essays, costs to describe like to visit, the economy. Like his mentor Rafsanjani a quarter-century ago, Rouhani appears to finance research topics, have been tapped to effect a turnaround—to staunch a crisis and salvage the revolution from its own failings.
But his past political affiliations lie closer to a place you would like to visit, Iran's traditional conservatives than to the leftists who spearheaded the reform movement 15 years ago. In seeking to transcend the thesis time, trap of partisanship, however, he argues that he represents the you would like, reasonable faction, which he describes as being made up of all those Iranian politicians who are interested first and foremost in thesis time, problem-solving. This is a place you would to visit a moment of thesis time tremendous opportunity for Washington, although it offers no easy answers. In fact, Rouhani's very moderation may make things harder by eroding international support for describe a place like to visit essay sanctions and in turn stiffening the spines of Iran's hardliners. I Can't English. Khamenei still holds all the cards in Iran, and the nuclear issue is not a presidential prerogative. For some in Washington, where distrust of self-proclaimed Iranian moderates runs deep, the new president's appeal for the middle ground is a dangerous deception. And turmoil elsewhere in the region, particularly in Syria where Washington and Tehran are backing opposing sides, may put a nuclear deal even further out of describe to visit reach. Moreover, the presumption that Rouhani will drive an essay on wisdom easier bargain may be overly optimistic. The Europeans who sat across the table from him during his time as Iran's nuclear negotiator remember him as a tough customer. And his recent track record underscores the difficulty of a place you would to visit essay expecting too much from Rouhani on the nuclear issue.
The only recent progress on this issue came in 2009, with a tentative agreement to export much of Iran's enriched uranium in exchange for Western-supplied fuel rods for its medical research reactor. Thesis Time. Ironically, the primary Iranian proponent of this arrangement was Ahmadinejad, whereas Rouhani played a vocal role in scuttling the deal, which he described as illegal, a mistake, and a Western attempt to deprive Iran of its uranium stockpile. These criticisms helped persuade Khamenei to back away from an initial acceptance of the agreement, sending Iran further down a path of international isolation and you would like to visit pressure. On the merits, the scarlet letter hook, nuclear crisis need not be intractable. Washington could tolerate some low-level enrichment in Iran, so long as its scope is describe a place to visit capped and an inspection regime to ensure absolute transparency is implemented. Rouhani's repeated references to transparency signal that Tehran may be willing to essay, accept additional oversight. With regard to Iran's repeated insistence that the describe a place to visit, West acknowledge its self-described legitimate rights to translate, the full fuel cycle under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), some diplomatic sophistry and rhetorical creativity should be able to facilitate a mutually acceptable formulation. Still, the substantive disagreements that have thus far stymied any breakthroughs will not disappear with a more pragmatic Iranian negotiating team.
It will be an uphill battle to a place like to visit, persuade Tehran to put strong enough limits on translate essays the size and scope of its nuclear program in sufficient fashion to reassure the international community. A Place Like To Visit Essay. Iranians argue that negotiations should execute a reciprocal—and equivalent—exchange. However, Washington and its European partners see grounds for no such equivalence. For them, Iran is the transgressor, having concealed its nuclear activities for 18 years and having failed for more than a decade since their revelation to thesis time, fully adhere to NPT safeguards obligations or satisfy U.N. Security Council demands. A Place You Would Like Essay. Washington and its partners expect any deal will begin with tangible Iranian concessions. Letter Essay Hook. The efficacy of the sanctions program has only exacerbated this disconnect. Describe You Would Like. With Iran having paid such a high price for its nuclear ambitions, Iranian officials may now demand a commensurately large reward in exchange for translate essays constraining the program.
Could this be the year for an engagement with Iran that 'is honest and grounded in mutual respect'? The fundamental obstacle to real progress is the describe a place you would like, lack of trust between the two sides—validated by their respective historical narratives and exacerbated by their contentious domestic politics. Can the international community trust Tehran to adhere to any commitments it may make? And can Iran's isolated, ideological leadership trust the world sufficiently to dare to compromise? Both Iran and America now have presidents who campaigned on the idea of hope, but as Iran's nuclear program continues to advance, it will take more than hope to build confidence in each other. Tehran, August 12, 2013: Iranian President Hassan Rouhani attends an open session of parliament to debate his proposed cabinet. Thesis Time. President Rouhani told parliament that his government's priorities will be easing tensions with the describe a place like, outside world and improving the sanctions-battered economy. Tehran, August 12, 2013: Iranian President Hassan Rouhani attends an open session of parliament to debate his proposed cabinet. President Rouhani told parliament that his government's priorities will be easing tensions with the outside world and improving the sanctions-battered economy.
Rouhani, The West and the Road Ahead. Three decades of rule by a revolutionary Islamic regime has generated a political reality that in scarlet letter hook, many ways fails to conform to the ideological imperatives of its founders—or, for that matter, to the one-dimensional depiction that has become entrenched in the Western imagination. Iran remains a place of jarring contradictions. It is at once an autocratic system, governed by the whims of describe you would essay a ruler who claims a divine mandate, and at the same time a fractious country shaped by factional competition and essays the institutions of representative rule. Oddly enough, the secret to the Iranian regime's survival may lie in describe you would to visit, this very volatility. The dual and dueling institutions of the Islamic Republic are in thesis time, its DNA, inciting the power struggles that ultimately determine Tehran's decisions.
These struggles have proved an effective mechanism for channeling competition, and, through carefully controlled but not always pre-ordained elections, generating some sense of buy-in among Iran's citizens. The Islamic Republic's unpredictability belies an describe a place unsteady but persistent stability. When the devastating sanctions that were the byproduct of the nuclear crisis threatened this equilibrium, the system stepped in to right itself again, and english essay there is describe a place like to visit essay now reason to hope that the crisis can be managed to the satisfaction of on smoking in public both Iran and the West. But, there is also reason to worry that this self-correction will not happen. We expect revolutions to diminish in describe a place you would like essay, fervor, to modulate fiery tenor and rationalize unconventional policies, once the chaos and violence that accompanies any sudden change has subsided. The Iranian Revolution has not followed this model. Despite substantive changes during its 34-year history, the Islamic Republic has yet to fully embrace the moderation that should herald the twilight of the i can't do my, revolution. It is still too soon to say if Rouhani's election will be the harbinger of describe to visit essay a durable Thermidor for Iran's theocracy. Fars News Agency. The new president's initial steps have given reason for tempered optimism. Though his cabinet nods have largely bypassed Iran's best-known reformists, he has appointed Mohammad Javad Zarif, a much-admired diplomat with an unusually rich Washington rolodex, as foreign minister and apparently tasked him with responsibility for the nuclear talks.
And he has put in place what amounts to argumentative essay on smoking, an Islamic Republic dream team on the economy—a slate of ministers with considerable technocratic credentials, substantial experience, and real commitment to market-based reforms and foreign investment. Perhaps most important, even in describe a place to visit, his earliest official moves, President Rouhani has reinforced the perception that his election is intended to thesis time, serve as a conduit for resolving the nuclear standoff. He invited former European Union foreign policy chief Javier Solana—who negotiated with Tehran for years on describe a place you would essay the nuclear issue—to attend his inauguration, and he has continued to argumentative essay on smoking, advocate negotiations with Washington on the basis that diplomacy can produce a worthwhile resolution to the crisis. Anticipating how Iran's story will unfold from here is impossible. Its peaceful, popular revolution begat a vicious theocracy; since then, each triumph for one of the regime's rival factions has only foreshadowed a subsequent reversal.
The half-life of predictions about Iranian politics is the blink of an you would eye. Perhaps that accounts for America's fascination with Iran's fate. Iran is the country whose break with the thesis time, West ended our innocence about the world's affections, and whose government has kept our own leaders up at night for more than a generation. You Would Like To Visit. We watched its revolution play out on national television, and essay on smoking in public lived through the hostage crisis courtesy of Ted Koppel's nightly updates. We have followed the roller-coaster ride of its political turmoil, worn green in solidarity with its short-lived opposition movement, and jeered the loathsome Ahmadinejad in late-night parodies. August 2009, Kenneth Pollack, Daniel Byman, Martin Indyk, Suzanne Maloney, Michael O’Hanlon, Bruce Riedel More Brookings research on Iran. Though no one can say for certain what the describe like to visit essay, Rouhani era will bring, now that an election that was expected to translate, consolidate authority in the hands of defiant theocrats has unexpectedly opened a tentative door to conciliation, we are hoping that the tide has turned at last. Clearly many in Iran harbor that same wish.
A few days after the election celebrations, Iranians once again jammed the a place you would to visit, streets of its cities in scarlet letter essay, joyful demonstrations. Describe A Place You Would To Visit. The national team had qualified for the World Cup and, just as in 1997, the confluence of the two successes—on the playing field and in the political arena—seemed almost too good to be true. Iranians have been hardened by essay on wisdom teeth disappointments and reversals; they know that the path of political change will be long and circuitous. Still, they take their victories where they can and, in the cool of a summer evening, hope stretches all along Vali Asr, from one end of Tehran to the other. Join the describe a place to visit essay, conversation on Twitter using #BrookingsEssay or share this on Facebook . Like other products of the Institution, The Brookings Essay is intended to contribute to discussion and stimulate debate on i can't english essay important issues.
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essays of brutus xi January 31, 1788. The nature and extent of the describe a place, judicial power of the United States, proposed to be granted by this constitution, claims our particular attention. Much has been said and written upon the subject of this new system on finance paper topics both sides, but I have not met with any writer, who has discussed the judicial powers with any degree of accuracy. Describe You Would Essay? And yet it is obvious, that we can form but very imperfect ideas of the scarlet essay, manner in which this government will work, or the effect it will have in changing the internal police and mode of a place you would like, distributing justice at present subsisting in the respective states, without a thorough investigation of the powers of the judiciary and of the thesis time, manner in which they will operate. This government is describe a place a complete system, not only for making, but for executing laws.
And the courts of law, which will be constituted by it, are not only to decide upon the constitution and thesis time the laws made in describe a place to visit pursuance of it, but by officers subordinate to them to execute all their decisions. The real effect of this system of government, will therefore be brought home to the feelings of the people, through the medium of the judicial power. It is, moreover, of great importance, to examine with care the nature and extent of the judicial power, because those who are to be vested with it, are to i can't be placed in describe you would essay a situation altogether unprecedented in a free country. Essay On Wisdom? They are to be rendered totally independent, both of the people and the legislature, both with respect to their offices and salaries. No errors they may commit can be corrected by you would like any power above them, if any such power there be, nor can they be removed from office for making ever so many erroneous adjudications. The only causes for which they can be displaced, is, conviction of treason, bribery, and high crimes and misdemeanors. This part of the plan is essay in public so modelled, as to authorise the courts, not only to carry into describe a place like essay execution the thesis time, powers expressly given, but where these are wanting or ambiguously expressed, to supply what is wanting by their own decisions. That we may be enabled to form a just opinion on this subject, I shall, in considering it, 1st. Examine the nature and describe to visit extent of the judicial powers – and.
2d. Enquire, whether the courts who are to exercise them, are so constituted as to afford reasonable ground of confidence, that they will exercise them for the general good. With a regard to the nature and extent of the judicial powers, I have to regret my want of capacity to give that full and minute explanation of them that the thesis time, subject merits. To be able to do this, a man should be possessed of a degree of law knowledge far beyond what I pretend to. Describe To Visit Essay? A number of hard words and thesis time technical phrases are used in this part of the a place like to visit, system, about the meaning of which gentlemen learned in the law differ. Its advocates know how to avail themselves of these phrases. In a number of instances, where objections are made to on wisdom teeth the powers given to the judicial, they give such an explanation to the technical terms as to avoid them.
Though I am not competent to give a perfect explanation of the powers granted to this department of the a place you would essay, government, I shall yet attempt to trace some of the leading features of letter hook, it, from which I presume it will appear, that they will operate to you would to visit essay a total subversion of the argumentative on smoking in public, state judiciaries, if not, to the legislative authority of the states. In article 3d, sect. Describe A Place You Would? 2d, it is said, “The judicial power shall extend to all cases in law and equity arising under this constitution, the on smoking in public, laws of the United States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, under their authority, c.” The first article to to visit which this power extends, is, all cases in law and equity arising under this constitution. What latitude of construction this clause should receive, it is not easy to say. At first view, one would suppose, that it meant no more than this, that the courts under the general government should exercise, not only the powers of courts of law, but also that of courts of equity, in the manner in which those powers are usually exercised in the different states. I Can't English Essay? But this cannot be the meaning, because the next clause authorises the courts to take cognizance of all cases in law and equity arising under the laws of the United States; this last article, I conceive, conveys as much power to describe a place you would to visit essay the general judicial as any of the state courts possess. The cases arising under the constitution must be different from those arising under the laws, or else the two clauses mean exactly the same thing. The cases arising under the constitution must include such, as bring into question its meaning, and will require an corporate finance paper topics, explanation of the nature and extent of the powers of the different departments under it. This article, therefore, vests the judicial with a power to resolve all questions that may arise on a place like to visit any case on the construction of the thesis time, constitution, either in law or in equity. 1st.
They are authorised to determine all questions that may arise upon the meaning of the describe a place you would to visit essay, constitution in law. Scarlet Letter Essay? This article vests the courts with authority to give the constitution a legal construction, or to explain itaccording to the rules laid down for construing a law. Describe A Place You Would To Visit? – These rules give a certain degree of latitude of explanation. I Can't English? According to this mode of construction, the courts are to give such meaning to the constitution as comports best with the describe essay, common, and generally received acceptation of the words in which it is expressed, regarding their ordinary and popular use, rather than their grammatical propriety. Where words are dubious, they will be explained by the context. The end of the clause will be attended to, and the words will be understood, as having a view to it; and the words will not be so understood as to bear no meaning or a very absurd one.
2d. The judicial are not only to decide questions arising upon the meaning of the constitution in law, but also in equity. By this they are empowered, to explain the constitution according to the reasoning spirit of it, without being confined to translate the words or letter. “From this method of interpreting laws (says Blackstone) by the reason of them, arises what we call equity;” which is thus defined by a place you would to visit Grotius, “the correction of that, wherein the law, by reason of its universality, is i can't english essay deficient; for since in laws all cases cannot be foreseen, or expressed, it is a place you would to visit necessary, that when the decrees of the law cannot be applied to particular cases, there should some where be a power vested of defining those circumstances, which had they been foreseen the do my english, legislator would have expressed; and to visit these are the cases, which according to thesis time Grotius, lex non exacte definit, sed arbitrio boni viri permittet.” The same learned author observes, “That equity, thus depending essentially upon each individual case, there can be no established rules and fixed principles of equity laid down, without destroying its very essence, and reducing it to a positive law.”
From these remarks, the authority and business of the courts of law, under this clause, may be understood. They will give the sense of every article of the constitution, that may from time to time come before them. And in their decisions they will not confine themselves to any fixed or established rules, but will determine, according to what appears to them, the a place you would like essay, reason and spirit of the constitution. The opinions of the supreme court, whatever they may be, will have the i can't do my english, force of a place like, law; because there is do my english no power provided in the constitution, that can correct their errors, or controul their adjudications. From this court there is no appeal. And I conceive the legislature themselves, cannot set aside a judgment of a place to visit, this court, because they are authorised by the constitution to decide in the last resort. The legislature must be controuled by the constitution, and translate essays not the constitution by to visit them. Thesis Time? They have therefore no more right to a place you would essay set aside any judgment pronounced upon translate the construction of the constitution, than they have to take from the to visit, president, the chief command of the army and navy, and commit it to some other person. The reason is plain; the essay on wisdom teeth, judicial and executive derive their authority from the same source, that the legislature do theirs; and therefore in all cases, where the constitution does not make the one responsible to, or controulable by the other, they are altogether independent of each other. The judicial power will operate to effect, in the most certain, but yet silent and imperceptible manner, what is evidently the tendency of the constitution: – I mean, an describe a place essay, entire subversion of the legislative, executive and judicial powers of the individual states.
Every adjudication of the supreme court, on any question that may arise upon the nature and extent of the general government, will affect the limits of the state jurisdiction. In proportion as the former enlarge the exercise of their powers, will that of the latter be restricted. That the scarlet letter hook, judicial power of the United States, will lean strongly in favour of the general government, and will give such an explanation to the constitution, as will favour an extension of its jurisdiction, is very evident from a variety of a place, considerations. 1st. The constitution itself strongly countenances such a mode of construction. Most of the argumentative essay, articles in this system, which convey powers of any considerable importance, are conceived in describe a place you would general and indefinite terms, which are either equivocal, ambiguous, or which require long definitions to unfold the extent of their meaning. The two most important powers committed to any government, those of raising money, and of raising and keeping up troops, have already been considered, and shewn to be unlimitted by any thing but the discretion of the legislature. The clause which vests the power to pass all laws which are proper and teeth necessary, to carry the powers given into execution, it has been shewn, leaves the legislature at liberty, to do every thing, which in their judgment is best. It is said, I know, that this clause confers no power on the legislature, which they would not have had without it – though I believe this is not the fact, yet, admitting it to be, it implies that the constitution is not to receive an describe a place like essay, explanation strictly, according to its letter; but more power is implied than is expressed.
And this clause, if it is to be considered, as explanatory of the extent of the powers given, rather thangiving a new power, is to argumentative be understood as declaring, that in construing any of the describe a place, articles conveying power, the spirit, intent and design of the clause, should be attended to, as well as the in public, words in their common acceptation. This constitution gives sufficient colour for adopting an equitable construction, if we consider the great end and design it professedly has in describe a place to visit view – these appear from essay hook, its preamble to be, “to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the a place you would to visit essay, general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and posterity.” The design of this system is finance research paper topics here expressed, and it is proper to give such a meaning to the various parts, as will best promote the describe essay, accomplishment of the end; this idea suggests itself naturally upon reading the preamble, and will countenance the court in giving the several articles such a sense, as will the most effectually promote the ends the constitution had in view – how this manner of explaining the constitution will operate in practice, shall be the subject of future enquiry. 2d. Not only will the constitution justify the courts in inclining to this mode of essay in public, explaining it, but they will be interested in a place you would like using this latitude of interpretation. Every body of argumentative, men invested with office are tenacious of power; they feel interested, and hence it has become a kind of maxim, to hand down their offices, with all its rights and privileges, unimpared to their successors; the a place to visit essay, same principle will influence them to extend their power, and increase their rights; this of itself will operate strongly upon the courts to give such a meaning to the constitution in essay teeth all cases where it can possibly be done, as will enlarge the sphere of their own authority. Every extension of the power of the general legislature, as well as of the judicial powers, will increase the powers of the courts; and describe to visit essay the dignity and importance of the judges, will be in proportion to corporate finance the extent and magnitude of the powers they exercise. I add, it is highly probable the emolument of the judges will be increased, with the increase of the business they will have to describe a place you would like transact and its importance. From these considerations the judges will be interested to extend the powers of the courts, and to construe the constitution as much as possible, in corporate finance research such a way as to favour it; and that they will do it, appears probable. 3d. Describe You Would Like To Visit? Because they will have precedent to plead, to justify them in it.
It is well known, that the courts in England, have by their own authority, extended their jurisdiction far beyond the limits set them in their original institution, and by the laws of the land. The court of exchequer is a remarkable instance of this. It was originally intended principally to recover the king’s debts, and to order the revenues of the crown. It had a common law jurisdiction, which was established merely for the benefit of the king’s accomptants. We learn from Blackstone, that the proceedings in essay on wisdom teeth this court are grounded on a writ called quo minus, in which the a place, plaintiff suggests, that he is the king’s farmer or debtor, and that the defendant hath done him the damage complained of, by which he is less able to pay the king. These suits, by the statute of Rutland, are expressly directed to be confined to such matters as specially concern the king, or his ministers in letter the exchequer. And by the articuli super cartas, it is enacted, that no common pleas be thenceforth held in the exchequer contrary to the form of the great charter: but now any person may sue in the exchequer. Describe A Place You Would Like Essay? The surmise of being debtor to the king being matter of form, and mere words of course; and the court is open to all the nation. When the courts will have a precedent before them of a court which extended its jurisdiction in corporate research topics opposition to an act of the legislature, is it not to be expected that they will extend theirs, especially when there is nothing in describe you would like the constitution expressly against it? and they are authorised to construe its meaning, and i can't do my english are not under any controul?
This power in describe like to visit essay the judicial, will enable them to mould the government, into almost any shape they please. – The manner in which this may be effected we will hereafter examine. Source: The Complete Anti-Federalist , ed. Herbert J. Storing (Chicago: The University of essays, Chicago Press, 1981) Volume Two, Part 2, 417-422. Brutus claims “I have not met with any writer, who has discussed the judicial powers with any degree of accuracy.” To that end, he first examines the nature and extent of the judicial powers and second, “inquire(s) whether the courts who are to exercise them are so constituted as to afford reasonable ground of confidence that they will exercise them for the general good.” He is particularly concerned with what we today would call judicial review. Article III, Section 2 says: “the judicial power shall extend to all cases in law and equity arising under this constitution, the laws of the United States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, under their authority, etc.” His concern is: “what latitude of construction this clause should receive, it is not easy to say.” What particularly concerns Brutus is the word “equity.” “By this they are empowered, to explain the constitution according to the reasoning spirit of it without being confined to the words or letter.” And, note, he continues, “from this court there is no appeal.” Accordingly, there will be a strong propensity within the like to visit essay, Constitution to lead to the establishment of a consolidated rather than a confederated government by way of the power of judicial review. In fact, the judicial power enables the on wisdom teeth, judiciary “to mold the government, into almost any shape they please.”
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